Risks in the development of software
Risks in the development of software: how to deal with them?
Any project to develop mobile applications is associated with certain risks to some extent. Risks may vary depending on the nature of the project, but in general they can be divided into 5 categories:
1. Budget: The risk of exceeding the budget allocated for the project. Perhaps this is the most common error in the development of software, which entails other errors.
2. Frames: risk of loss or shortage of project team members. Even if this problem does not last long, it can lead to errors and delays.
3. Knowledge: the team can have only a narrowly focused knowledge, or it is incorrect to transfer information among themselves. In this case, the team members have to be retrained, which leads to additional expenditure of effort, time and resources.
4. Productivity: this risk most often threatens long-term projects. A lot of time sometimes leads to slow and unproductive work.
5. Time: Delays in product releases are very common in software development, which is the result of improper planning, extremely short deadlines and the inability of developers to adapt to changing requirements in relation to the product.
Methods of risk management in the dynamic development of software
The method of dynamic software development takes into account most of the above risks. Nevertheless, even in a flexible development environment, no one is insured against them: risks arise from design team errors, incorrect planning, failures in the workflow and unexpected changes in the process of working on the product. Let's look at ways to manage these risks.
Solution: planning by the "incident wave" method
The goals and objectives of software development can change during its creation, and in order for the product to remain viable, it is necessary to be able to adapt to possible changes. It is for this purpose that there is planning by the "incident wave" method. Teams make product decisions as the work progresses, rather than developing a detailed action plan at the very start of the project. Effective decisions made on the basis of new knowledge about product development reduce the likelihood of risks associated with the budget, as the team does not need to spend time and resources on re-planning.
Nevertheless, in the beginning of work it is very important to make a budget plan, which will take into account all possible costs for the project. Many companies underestimate the cost of developing functional software and allow a number of errors in the calculation of the budget.
2. Personnel /Knowledge
Solution: break developers into small groups
The ideal team for software development is several groups of 10-12 people who jointly plan the project, share experiences with each other, perform code verification, and work together on the task from beginning to end. Developers should have the maximum amount of knowledge, which helps to solve problems related to both personnel and the risk of lack of necessary knowledge. Also, the team should be able to work without hindrance if one of its members is temporarily absent or left the team.
Solution: development based on sprints
Sprints are short-term development stages in order to create a demo version of the product in the specified time (1-2 weeks). They serve to indicate the proper goals and objectives for the project teams and allow you to see the intermediate results of the work. This gives developers confidence in the correctness of creating a product, and allows you to adhere to the required speed of the task.
4. The time is
Solution: The correct organization of the process
Errors related to lack of time can arise due to incorrect planning of the work process or excessive confidence in its successful course.
The process should be flexible so that developers can quickly adapt to changing requirements, have the ability to quickly provide the corrected product to the customer, and can accurately determine the amount of time needed to perform a task.
All these methods can help development teams better manage time and reduce risks when creating software to a minimum.
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