Music and text: how they can be related

Many scientific works not only of neurobiologists and musicologists, but also philologists, cognitivists and art critics are devoted to the study of the interrelation between text and music.
 
 
In this article, we have collected different examples of how music can be used along with the text, and what science says about this.
 
 
Music and text: how they can be related

 
Photo PxHere /PD
 
 

When the music inspires


 
Music can influence creative thinking, cognition and stimulate the imagination. Scientists from the Technological University of Sydney and the University of Nijmegen in the Netherlands came to the conclusion , that people come up with more original and creative ideas when listening to "happy music" (ie, music that causes a positive mood and excitement - often classics belong to it).
 
 
Some writers use this opportunity: they listen to music when writing texts or resort to its help to strengthen the emotional involvement of the reader.
 
 
For example, the French science fiction writer Bernard Verber, while writing the novel "Demain Les Chats", listened for inspiration to Beethoven's Sonatas, Vivaldi's Seasons and other musical works. Complete list of music and sounds. Verber leads to at the end of the novel.
 
 
Japanese writer Haruki Murakami in the art of helping jazz and rock. In one of his essays he is mentioned that he would not have become a writer if he had not been so absorbed in music. "My style is deeply imbued with Charlie Parker's rhymes and the rhythm of Scott F. Fitzgerald's prose. And I still draw new things in my literature in the music of Miles Davis. "
 
 
In the afterword to the novel "Norwegian Forest" ( Norwegian Wood ) Murakami notes that he wrote it to the songs of Lennon and McCartney, after listening to the tape Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band 120 times.
 
 
In addition to inspiration for writing a specific text, music can influence the whole generation of writers and all their work. One of the striking examples is the influence of the jazz bebop style on the writers of the "broken generation": Jack Kerouac, William S. Burroughs, the poet Allen Ginsberg and others. Their formation is there were in the mid-1940s, when a new jazz style bebop was formed with complex improvisations and a fast rhythm.
 
 
Melodies saxophonist Charlie Parker, trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie, pianist Telonius Monk are often mentioned and sound in texts, many of which were read on the same stage with jazz musicians.
 
 

Books with soundtracks and playlists for reading


 
Many writers not only listen to music at work, but also provide whole playlists for books to their readers. Here are some examples:
 
 
 
Together with the publication of the novel by Victor Pelevin "The Sacred Book of the Werewolf" was released CD with 11 pieces of music, including a Chinese folk song, a rock performed by the Dutch band Shocking Blue , tracks from the films of director Tony Chin and others
 
Leader of the rock band "Megapolis" Oleg Nesterov released the novel "Skirt" about the music scene of Berlin in the 1930s and the development of rock music. With the book came compact disc with 12 Berlin hits recorded between 1934 and 1939.
 
After the release of the novel "Doctor Song" (
? Doctor Sleep
), Sequel to the popular "Shining" (The Shining), Stephen King collected for him the "official" playlist on Spotify. "I have a playlist for every novel I write. Music serves as a book. I hope you like these tunes "- commented on author. The playlist includes songs from bands that perform punk rock, metal, folk and alternative music.
 
 
In addition to the authors, playlists for books are made by the readers themselves. Journalists The Guardian conducted a survey on Twitter and on the website of the publication on the topic of background music, which users prefer to listen to while reading, and asked if possible to give specific examples.
 
 
Based on the survey, they were playlist , consisting of calming background music, which fits well with any text. Among the compositions are mostly classical, but jazz and rock come across. Users noted that music should be slow, while listening to it is important at a moderate volume. Many wrote that when listening to listening to instrumental soundtracks, for example, compositions composed by Hans Zimmer.
 
 
 
Picture PxHere /PD
 
 
On the other hand, the idea of ​​listening to music and reading in parallel is not supported by all - such multitasking can distract from the process, and not give to enjoy either a book or music to the fullest. By the way, many scientists agree with this opinion - more in the next section:
 
 

What about the "compatibility" of music and reading is the science of


 
The results obtained by Turkish researchers, in part confirm the opinion of those who believe that the simultaneous reading of the text and listening to music is difficult. In the course of the experiment conducted by the scientist, it turned out that the reading comprehension indicators of students who listened to music were significantly worse than those who read the text in silence. However, if the student's favorite music was included during the reading, his results did not differ significantly from the results of students reading without music (we wrote about other similar studies in one of our materials ).
 
 
However, even your favorite music will interfere with the assimilation of information if it has a fast rhythm and plays it at high volume - this is sure composer and "concurrently" Professor of the Department of Psychology at the University of Toronto Glenn Schellenberg ( experiment , as a result of which it was found out that simultaneous reading and listening to music "overloads" the possibilities of the area of ​​the brain, known as Broca's center.
 
 
The subjects noted that reading complex sentences made their perception of the completeness of music difficult. The present study states that this is not a matter of attention scattering, but that both listening to music and perception of the text are connected by a common center of brain activity.
 
 

Sound poetry and sound-text compositions


 
However, in some cases it is perfectly possible to "harmonize" the audio and the text is quite possible. This approach is practiced by sound poets (
? sound-poetry
) And creators of sound-text compositions.
 
 
Their works are at the junction of the artistic text and music. The text can be voiced in different tempo (accelerated or slowed down), the records can be superimposed on each other. A fast change of key is used, as well as background sounds (various noises, cries, cries, breathing movements, etc.) and musical samples.
 
 
All these components are combined with audio editing and turn into a sound-poetic work, in which the text is not "accompaniment" for music, it is music.
 
 
The study of this art form is devoted to individual scientific works and articles . Since the inception of this direction, sound poets have united and performed in ensembles. One of the first sound-poetic groups was The Four Horsemen , her performances can be listened to here :
 
 

 
 
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