Old computer, Windows ? 1 GB RAM, DirectX 9 video card, Firefox and Internet

 
3r3-31. Despite the elapsed time, many still use Windows 7. Someone has to work on this OS or maintain such computers, someone may have a hobby of restoring old PCs, some are completely satisfied with Windows 7 or because of their financial or other beliefs, they do not want to change the old faithful "friend" to the new.  
This article may help many owners of old computers to open the "second wind" to their museum exhibits.  
 
Since the optimization of such old equipment is complex, the article will consist of several chapters:
 
 
- Firefox
 
- Additions to the browser
 
- Drivers
 
- Windows 7
 
- BIOS
 
- Hardware tips for
 
new beta version on the browser browser PaleMoon Goanna. [b]  
For computers with a processor without SSE2 support, there are several browsers: this is the above-mentioned K-Meleon, Firefox of the old version ??? , as well as Project 3r34584. enthusiasts on whose pages periodically publish various links to new browser assemblies, including for computers without SSE2 support instructions. [b]  
Depending on the technical capabilities supported by your computer, you can choose the browser that will be able to make the most of the potential of the computer. [b]  
Check whether your processor supports SSE? you can download the program 3r360. CPU-Z
. [b]  
You can find out which DirectX your video card supports by using the program. GPU-Z [b]  
[b]  
CPU-Z and GPU-Z

Old computer, Windows ? 1 GB RAM, DirectX 9 video card, Firefox and Internet  
[b]  
[b]  
[b]  
[b]  
At the beginning of the installation of Firefox, select [b] Selective 3r34555. 3r334484. rather than the usual installation. Then in the subsequent window, uncheck Set 3r3392. support service 3r34584. . This is an optional service that allows the browser to install updates in the background, without requiring you to click "Yes" in the dialog box. [b]  
[b]  

Settings in the main menu of the browser

[b]  
The main

[b] Fonts and colors
3r334484.  
If you have problems with fonts on the pages of some sites, you can try to correct their display. Click the "Advanced" button, in the "Fonts" window it is desirable to disable 3r334343. Allow websites to use their own fonts instead of
installed. .  
[b]  
[b] [i] Check spelling while typing
 
If you or the person who will use this PC only as a reader, and not a writer, you can safely turn off this feature. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Play DRM-controlled content
3r334484.  
The ability to view encoded copyrighted media content. It is necessary to view encoded media content with paid streaming services such as Netflix, Spotify and others. [b]  
If you are not a client of such services - disable. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] Firefox
updates. 3r334484.  
If you are accustomed to update manually, put a dot near [i] Never check for updates
. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Use recommended performance settings of
3r334484.  
This is a very important browser performance setting. If the video card (even the built-in one) supports DirectX from version 10 or more, I recommend leaving this option enabled by default. [b]  
Sometimes, due to driver errors or for some other reason, Firefox can block the inclusion of hardware acceleration. You can fix this problem by updating the video card driver to the latest version, updating the latest DirectX and in some cases, if this does not help, you have to force the hardware acceleration in the hidden browser settings. [b]  
[b]  
If your video card does not support DirectX from version 1? uncheck 3r334343. Use recommended performance settings of
and then also remove from If possible, use hardware acceleration . [b]  
[b]  
[b] Use automatic scrolling
3r334484.  
When the scroll button is pressed, moving the mouse scrolls the page. [b]  
[b]  
[b] [i] Use smooth scrolling
 
On most PC configurations, this setting does not greatly affect performance. On a very weak gland, when turned on, twitching pictures when scrolling can be seen. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Proxy Server
3r334484.  
Click the "Customize" button. The “Connection Settings” window will open, in it “Proxy settings for Internet access”. If you do not use a proxy server to access the Internet, set a point near [i] Without proxy
[b]  
[b]  
Search

If you do not use the address bar as a search field and a special Search bar (removed from the address bar)
 
 
[b]  
[b]  
You can delete everything from the list (except one) search engines 3r34584. [b]  
[b]  
If the search is used, but you do not need hints when entering words, you can uncheck [b] Display search suggestions
.  
[b]  
You can also disable and attempts to update these search engines (plug-ins) after launching Firefox. In the “Basic” settings menu, remove the checkbox from 3r34547. Automatically update search engines
. If the search through the Search Panel ever disappears, you can then update them by turning this option back on. However, these plugins need to be updated very rarely.  
[b]  
Privacy and protection

[b] Prevent accessibility services from accessing your browser
3r334484.  
Check the box if you have never displayed this icon on the tab bar. [b]  
3r32053. Accessibility support
- It can provide individual Firefox-installed add-ons with some of the browser’s tools [b]  
[b]  
[b] Firefox
data collection and use.  
Remove the daws if you do not want Firefox to collect and send the collected data about your work in the browser. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Counterfeit content and malware protection
 
If you have an antivirus or ad blocker installed with the same additional features, you can uncheck the browser checkboxes with duplicate settings. Modern antiviruses have become very heavy for the normal operation of weak PCs. Built-in protection in the browser itself and ad blockers partially solves the problem of safe surfing on the Internet, when using a normal antivirus is not possible. [b]  
[b]  
[b]  

Hidden Firefox settings

[b]  
Here most of the settings from [b] will be listed. аbout: config
 
[b]  
60esr

[b] accessibility.handler.enabled
3r334484.  
Used Accessibility handler. Disable [b] false
, if before that in the Firefox settings, in the “Privacy and Protection” menu, put a checkbox near 3r334343. Prevent accessibility services from accessing your browser
.  
 
[b] app.normandy.enabled
3r334484. 3r33333. *
 
Unexpected polls and collection of your preferences for Mozilla. [b]  
Disable [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] app.update.checkInstallTime
3r334484.  
Responsible for counting days after update. [b]  
Disable [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] browser.aboutHomeSnippets.updateUrl
3r334484.  
If you have the Mozilla Firefox Start Page homepage. Various searchable information from Mozilla servers can be displayed under the search query field. Removing the link will not load this information. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] browser.cache.disk.enable
3r334484.  
Parameter responsible for the use of disk cache. [b]  
When you disconnect [b] false
All temporary files and page elements downloaded from the Internet will be recorded and stored in RAM, and not on the hard disk. Access to RAM is faster, respectively, and the display of web pages can also occur faster.  
If you have a slow hard drive, fast unlimited internet and more than 1.5 - 2 GB RAM, you can try to disable this option. However, after this, be sure to follow up in Task Manager (Ctrl + Shift + Esc) the process of filling the memory while using the browser and other running programs on the computer. Even in the most difficult situations (a large number of simultaneously open tabs in the browser, watching videos, running antivirus, etc.), the amount of free memory should always remain a few hundred megabytes. If you have a problem, turn this parameter back on [b] true
.  
[b]  
[i] [b] browser.download.animateNotifications
3r334484.  
When you turn off [b] false
the animation of the big blue arrow will not be displayed when the file is being uploaded.  
[b]  
[i] [b] browser.onboarding.enabled
3r334484. 3r32092. *
 
Built-in add-on "Photon onboarding". Firefox News Tour In the new empty tab, in the upper left corner, the “New to Firefox? Let's start". You can remove it by turning off this option [b] false
 
3r32096. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] browser.ping-center.telemetry
3r334484.  
Telemetry. Disable [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] browser.shell.checkDefaultBrowser
3r334484.  
Check if Firefox is the default browser. [b]  
Disable verification [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] browser.sessionstore.interval
3r334484. 3r33434. *
*  
The parameter is responsible for the frequency of saving the session to disk while Firefox is running. The goal is to restore open tabs and typed text in messages that have not yet been sent after the emergency closure of the browser and its restart. This can be useful if you often write long text in a browser, and before sending it, Firefox with frequent periodicity spontaneously closes with an error. By default, Firefox saves session data every 15 seconds (a value of 15000 milliseconds). If your Firefox is okay in terms of stability, you can change the value to [b] 1800000
(30 minutes). In some cases, after changing this parameter upwards, the browser works a little faster and less often.  
If your browser never freezes, you can disable [b] false
the tab recovery function after the emergency shutdown of the browser [i] browser.sessionstore.resume_from_crash
 
 
[i] [b] browser.startup.homepage_override.mstone
3r334484.  
ByAfter updating your browser, Firefox may display an additional tab next to your regular page to offer more information about changes or new features included in the update. Disable [b] ignore
 
[b]  
[i] [b] browser.slowStartup.notificationDisabled
3r334484.  
With the inclusion of 3r34547. true
, the launch time of the browser will not be measured and a warning will not be displayed if it starts slowly.  
[b]  
[i] [b] browser.tabs.crashReporting.sendReport
3r334484.  
Sending report about the fall of the tab in the browser. You can disable [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] browser.tabs.remote.autostart
3r334484. *  
Multiprocess mode Enabled by default. In this mode, the browser and the displayed pages generally work faster. However, compared to the single-process mode, in multiprocess the higher memory consumption and the processor is loaded a little more. [b]  
On computers with less than two gigabytes of RAM, it is advisable to disable multiprocessing 3r34547. false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] browser.touchmode.auto
3r334484. *  
Firefox can automatically determine in which mode Windows is running, for example, with a conventional wired mouse or by touching the touch screen (if you have one). [b]  
The function can only work in Windows 10. Disable [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] browser.uitour.enabled
3r334484.  
Newest Firefox Tour Disable [b] false
 
[b]  
[b] [i] canvas.capturestream.enabled
3r33333. *
 
The mechanism of broadcasting media elements in WebRTC. Turn off [b] false
 
[b]  
[b] datareporting.healthreport.uploadEnabled
 
datareporting.policy.dataSubmissionEnabled
3r334484.  
Telemetry. Disable [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] device.sensors.enabled
3r334484.  
Allows using jаvascript to access the device sensors. For example, in mobile Firefox, you can get information from the proximity sensor. If there are no sensors, or you don’t need Firefox access to them, disable 3r3r4745. false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] devtools.cache.disabled
 
devtools.debugger.enabled
 
devtools.inspector.enabled
 
devtools.memory.enabled
 
devtools.netmonitor.enabled
 
devtools.performance.enabled
 
devtools.policy.disabled
 
devtools.remote.wifi.scan
 
devtools.storage.enabled
 
devtools.styleeditor.enabled
 
devtools.toolbar.enabled
 
devtools.webide.enabled
3r334484.  
[b]  
Developer tools used to create web content. The normal user does not need these features. You can disable all [b] false
except devtools.cache.disabled and devtools.policy.disabled - these are disabled true  
[b]  
[i] [b] devtools.enabled
3r334484.  
Developer tools, disabled [b] false
. However, the function does not work, after each restart of the browser it is turned on again.  
[b]  
[i] [b] dom.battery.enabled
3r334484.  
Tracking battery status. If a hospital is used, disconnect [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] dom.gamepad.enabled
 
dom.gamepad.extensions.enabled
3r334484.  
No gamepad - disable r3r34547. false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] dom.ipc.plugins.asyncdrawing.enabled
3r334484. *  
Asynchronous drawing of objects on a web page using the Flash Player plugin. Improved stability and performance of this plugin. If you installed Flash Player version 23 or newer into the browser, leave the option enabled 3r3r4745. true
. If you use Flash Player up to version 2? disable it false  
[b]  
[i] [b] dom.ipc.plugins.flash.disable-protected-mode
3r334484.  
Disable Protected mode Adobe Flash . In the 64-bit version of Firefox, this plugin setting is not shown. However, it can be disabled [b] true
from аbout: config  
[b]  
[i] [b] dom.ipc.plugins.flash.subprocess.crashreporter.enabled
 
dom.ipc.plugins.reportCrashURL
3r334484.  
Sending reports about the fall of plug-ins. You can disable [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] dom.ipc.plugins.sandbox-level.flash
3r334484. 3r31860. *
 
Running the Flash plugin process in the sandbox sandbox. You can disable [b] 0
this feature, losing a bit in safety, but winning in performance.  
[b]  
[i] [b] dom.ipc.processHangMonitor
 
dom.ipc.reportProcessHangs
3r334484. 3r33737. *
3r33737. *
 
Firefox keeps track of the download time of each page, and if it loads for a very long time, a notice may appear at the top of the page “The webpage is slowing down your browser ”. As a rule, this notification appears due to a very slow Internet connection, poor compatibility of installed add-ons or viruses. If you don’t have such problems with downloading pages or you know the cause of the problem you have, but don’t know how to solve it, you can turn off page monitoring and display of this notification [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] dom.indexedDB.logging.details
 
dom.indexedDB.logging.enabled
3r334484. *  
Functions for web developers. You can disable [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] dom.vibrator.enabled
3r334484.  
Allows the use of vibration, if the device is equipped with a vibration motor. [b]  
Turn off [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] dom.vr.enabled
3r334484.  
Oculus Rift virtual reality glasses support. [b]  
No such points - turn off [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] dom.w3c_touch_events.enabled
3r334484. *  
Function for devices (mainly laptops) with a touchpad, touchscreen or trackball. [b]  
If none of this is on your computer, disconnect by setting the value to [b] 0
 
[b]  
[i] [b] dom.webcomponents.customelements.enabled
3r334484. 3r3r7787. *
 
[i] [b] dom.webcomponents.shadowdom.enabled
3r334484. 3r33795. *
 
Web components are new technologies invented and promoted by google, which are fully supported only in their Chrome browser. In other browsers support may not be, or it is partially implemented. [b]  
Include [b] true
These options in Firefox are desirable only if you do not have any sites and get errors related to webcomponents. For example, such
 
3r3805.  
Using webcomponents in Firefox can, for example, solve a problem on any one site, but it can also create new problems on others, in the form of unopened certain sites or the appearance of errors related to page processing. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] experiments.enabled
 
experiments.supported
3r334484.  
Collect additional telemetry for some special add-ons. If the indicator 3r34834. [b] experiments.activeExperiment
3r334484. is in position false It means that there are no such additions. Functions can be disabled false  
[b]  
[i] [b] extensions.pocket.enabled
3r334484.  
Application to manage the list of saved articles. [b]  
If you do not use Pocket , unplug [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] extensions.blocklist.enabled
3r334484.  
If you, for example, installed the old version of the flash player. Firefox will disable this plugin by writing a warning about this. In order for Firefox not to check the relevance of add-ons, disable this feature 3r34547. false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] extensions.getAddons.cache.enabled
3r334484.  
The Add-ons Manager collects information about each installed add-on and allows you to receive personalized recommendations in the Get Add-ons panel. Turn off [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] extensions.screenshots.disabled
3r334484. 3r32064. *
3r33878. *
 
[i] [b] extensions.screenshots.upload-disabled
3r334484.  
Tools for creating and saving screenshots with a special extension in Firefox. If you don’t use these tools, disable them [b] true
 
[b]  
[i] [b] extensions.update.autoUpdateDefault
3r334484.  
Automatic installation of updates for existing add-ons. [b]  
If you do not plan to update the add-ons, or the authors of the add-ons have stopped making new versions, or wish to control the process of installing updates manually, disable this option 3r3r4745. false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] extensions.update.enabled
3r334484.  
Not going to update your installed add-ons, turn off checking their automatic update [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] extensions.webextensions.remote
3r334484. 3r33924. *
3r33926. *
 
With the option turned on by default, a separate process is created only for extensions to prevent possible conflicts between extensions and the browser, which in turn should lead to overall stability of the browser. However, with this function, the total memory consumption increases. [b]  
If your browser is working in single-process mode, and /or the installed extensions have few or no extensions, disable this feature 3r34547. false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] extensions.webextensions.themes.enabled
3r334484.  
Ability to change Firefox themes. [b]  
If polyou’ll just be using the standard Firefox theme, turn off this feature. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] full-screen-api.warning.timeout
3r334484.  
When you open the video in full screen may appear " is now in full screen mode." Whatever this inscription appears, set the value [b] 0
 
[b]  
[i] [b] geo.enabled
3r334484.  
Send information about your location at the appropriate request sites. In some cases, this function is needed if you visit websites through foreign VPNs or proxy servers. Usually, the site will know your location without any queries on the IP address of the user's computer. You can disable [b] false
.  
Only in very rare cases, disabling this feature can cause errors in working with some sites. For each such site individually, as well as in the example with [b] privacy.trackingprotection.enabled
You can enable this feature.  
[b]  
[i] [b] gestures.enable_single_finger_input
3r334484. 3r33982. *
 
Function for computers with touch screen. [b]  
Disable [b] false
if there is no touch screen.  
[b]  
[i] [b] gfx.canvas.skiagl.dynamic-cache
3r334484. 3r3998. *
 
Function for Android, in Windows does not work. Disable [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] gfx.content.azure.backends
3r334484.  
Processing vector graphics. This setting greatly affects the smoothing of fonts. If you have an old monitor with a large pixel grain, you need to delete 3r34547 to display the fonts “as in Windows XP”. direct2d???r3r34555. and 3r34547. skia
leaving only cairo , as well as switch option [b] gfx.direct2d.disabled
3r334484. in position 3r34547. true
 
 
[i] [b] gfx.direct2d.disabled
3r334484.  
Disable the ability to work with Direct2D. Direct2D support is only possible starting with DirectX10. On video cards up to DirectX1? as well as with disabled hardware acceleration does not work. Turn off [b] true
.  
[b]  
[i] [b] gfx.offscreencanvas.enabled
3r334484. * * 3r31050. *
 
Performing the rendering of some individual page elements via WebGL in a separate stream that does not interfere with the work of the main content processing flow, and in some situations, page rendering can occur faster. [b]  
Include [b] true
This function follows only if in аbout: support in WebGL 1 - Driver Visualizer 3r333864. missing 3r333865. the word Software . If it says Software, then WebGL is processed by the software processor, not by the video card.  
3r31066. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] gfx.work-around-driver-bugs
3r334484. 3r31075. *
3r31077. *
 
Feature for macOS. On Windows, useless, unplug [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] identity.fxaccounts.enabled
3r334484.  
3r31093. Synchronization in Firefox
. Turning off [b] false
, the Firefox Account will disappear from the main menu settings.  
3r31099. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] image.animation_mode
3r334484.  
This option is desirable to change only on very weak computers that are sensitive to any load on the processor. [b]  
For animated GIF files displayed on a web page (they are mainly present on forums and chat rooms in the form of avatars and emoticons), you can set the following viewing options 3r34577.  
[b] none
- Do not show animation
 
once - show animation only once, after loading page
 
normal - show animation (default)
 
But note that some pictures may change their meaning, such as this smile. if none or once is set.  
[b]  
[i] [b] intl.tsf.enable
3r334484.  
The function is used to correct the features of the display of Chinese and Japanese characters in the text. [b]  
If you do not understand the hieroglyphs, disconnect [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] jаvascript.options.shared_memory
3r334484. 3r31149. *
 
The ability to process some page code in multiple threads. What can accelerate the rendering of the page as a whole. [b]  
This option is desirable to include [b] true
on computers with a processor which has several cores or one core, but there is a function 3r31157. Hyper-threading
. To find out whether your processor supports multi-threading, you can look in the Task Manager (Ctrl + Shift + Esc) in the Performance tab. If 2 or more graphics are displayed in the CPU Load Timeline window, your processor supports multithreading 3r34577.  
3r31161.  
[b]  
[i] [b] jаvascript.options.spectre.index_masking
 
jаvascript.options.spectre.jit_to_C ++ _ calls
 
jаvascript.options.spectre.object_mitigations.barriers
 
jаvascript.options.spectre.object_mitigations.misc
 
jаvascript.options.spectre.string_mitigations
 
jаvascript.options.spectre.value_masking
3r334484.  
[b]  
If you are not afraid of the vulnerability Specter , in order to slightly better performance, you can disable [b] false
these functions.  
[b]  
[i] [b] layers.amd-switchable-gfx.enabled
3r334484.  
Correct determination of the video card used in Firefox (for example, built-in or discrete) in cases when the computer has ATI /AMD graphics installed and, in addition, some other graphics, such as Intel or Nvidia. If you do not have an ATI /AMD video card, or it is the only one, disable this function 3r34547. false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] layers.async-pan-zoom.enabled
3r334484.  
Asynchronous pan /zoom. Strongly affects the performance of the browser. The function is turned on by default, but becomes active only if multiprocess mode is enabled (set to [b] True
Parameter Browser.tabs.remote.autostart 3r3r5555.). [b]  
Of the benefits:
 
When turned on, Firefox works a bit more lively and scrolling pages can be smoother. [b]  
[b]  
Among the shortcomings:
 
Increased processor load, additionally up to 10-20%. [b]  
[b]  
If the processor is weak, unable to cope, or the browser is transferred to work in single-process mode, disable this feature 3r34547. false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] layers.deaa.enabled
3r334484.  
Does not work with Windows. Disable [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] layers.geometry.d3d11.enabled
3r334484.  
The function is applied only with running hardware acceleration on video cards from DirectX10. On a computer without hardware acceleration and /or with a video card up to DirectX9 inclusive, this feature can be turned off [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] layers.geometry.opengl.enabled
3r334484.  
Does not work with Windows, disable [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] layers.gpu-process.enabled
3r334484. 3r31274. *
 
A separate process, additionally passed compositing code and an interface for interacting with the GPU, which will protect the browser from problems arising due to graphics drivers and failures in the graphics API. It works only with video cards from DirectX10 and only in multiprocess mode. In case of failure, the compositing process is automatically restarted without negatively affecting the operation of the rest of the browser. [b]  
On a computer without hardware acceleration and /or with a video card up to DirectX9 inclusive, or if multiprocess mode is turned off in Firefox, this feature does not work, it can be turned off 3r34547. false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] Layers.low-precision-buffer
3r334484. 3r31290. *
3r3r1292. *
 
Some video cards, usually embedded in the motherboard, may not cope when playing animations or videos: stripes may appear on the screen, video and animation may slow down or hang. [b]  
If you encounter such problems, try turning on 3r34547. true
this option is made for better compatibility of the browser with old video cards that may cause problems in hardware acceleration mode. If there are no problems with hardware acceleration, leave it off false .  
[b]  
[i] [b] layers.mlgpu.enabled
3r334484. *  
[b] [i] layers.mlgpu.enable-on-windows7
 
Additional processing of the displayed image in hardware acceleration mode.  
On a computer without hardware acceleration and /or with a video card up to DirectX9 inclusive, this function does not work, in this case it can be turned off 3r34547. false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] layers.omtp.enabled
3r334484. *  
Drawing outside the main stream. It can work only in conjunction: multiprocess mode and the function [b] [i] gfx.content.azure.backends
with the values ​​of direct2d1.? skia, cairo or direct2d1.? skia or skia . If you have a different way, disable this feature false  
[b]  
[b] layout.css.report_errors
3r334484. *  
CSS analyzer. This feature is useful for web developers and does not need regular users. Disable [b] false
.  
[b]  
[i] [b] layout.css.touch_action.enabled
3r334484. 3r31370. *
 
The touch-action CSS property determines whether a user can interact with an element on the screen using taps, using standard browser features, and how this will occur. [b]  
If your computer does not have a touch screen, disable this feature [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] lightweightThemes.update.enabled
3r334484.  
Automatic update themes. If not needed, disable [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] media.encoder.webm.enabled
3r334484.  
The function is intended for encoding (not to be confused with decoding) video in webm format. Most likely used in WebRTC video chats. The browser playing video in webm format, disabling this feature does not affect how. You can disable [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] media.gpu-process-decoder
3r334484.  
Video decoding by video card. Disable [b] false
if your video card cannot decode H264 in a browser. These are all video cards up to DirectX10.  
[b]  
[i] [b] media.hardware-video-decoding.enabled
3r334484.  
Hardware decoding function inido. In some situations, it can greatly relieve the processor, accelerating speed. [b]  
Disable [b] false
can try in the following situations:
 
1. You know for sure that your video card or processor cannot decode H264
 
2. Hardware video decoding is performed worse than it does the processor programmatically (for example, the video card does not pull 1080 * 60fps, but the processor does it).  
3. Frequent errors that occur during video playback that cannot be fixed. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] media.navigator.enabled
3r334484.  
Used to record sound from a microphone, images from a webcam and screen sharing (remote computer access to portions of the screen). If all this is not used, disable [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] media.ondevicechange.enabled
3r334484. 3r31454. *
*
 
The function of browser tracking for newly connected or disconnected media devices, such as a webcam or microphone, for example. Used in WebRTC.  
If you do not use the camera and /or microphone in Firefox - disable [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] media.peerconnection.enabled
3r334484.  
3r31472. WebRTC
. Do not use - disable [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] media.video_stats.enabled
3r334484.  
It is responsible for sending statistics about video playback (number of skipped /rendered frames, etc. Disable [b] False

 
 
[i] [b] media.webspeech.synth.enabled
3r334484.  
Needed for speech recognition and synthesis. [b]  
Turn off [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] media.wmf.amd.highres.enabled
3r334484.  
If your video card is not AMD, or AMD, but the monitor screen resolution is no more than 1920 * 108? disable this function 3r34547. false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] media.wmf.deblacklisting-for-telemetry-in-gpu-process
3r334484. * 3r31524. *
 
Telemetry, disconnect [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] media.wmf.dxva.d3d11.enabled
3r334484. 3r31538. *
3r31540. *
 
The function of hardware video decoding for video cards from DirectX10. Disable [b] false
this function, if you have a video card up to DirectX9 inclusive, or the video card does not support H.264 hardware decoding at all.  
In some cases, disabling this feature can also help get rid of problems encountered when playing video on video cards from DirectX10. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] media.wmf.dxva.enabled
3r334484.  
Disable [b] false
this function if your video card is not able to decode H.264 video in the browser. These are all video cards up to DirectX10.  
[b]  
[i] [b] media.wmf.low-latency.enabled
3r334484. 3r31568. *
 
After turning [b] true
With this option, some videos on web pages may start playing a little earlier, without the usual pause per second or more. If you have problems (some videos will stop running), set this parameter back to 3r34547. false
.  
 
[i] [b] media.wmf.skip-blacklist
3r334484.  
If there are no problems with hardware video decoding, you can turn off 3r34547. true
the function of checking the video card with a list from the blocklist.  
If your video card can decode video, and you want to turn it on, but for some reason it does not work, you can also temporarily set the value to 3r34547. true
. Then restart the browser and look at the result, if various errors occur while playing the video, switch back to 3r34547. false
 
 
[i] [b] media.wmf.vp9.enabled
3r334484.  
The function does not work in Windows ? disable
 
[b]  
[i] [b] mousebutton.4th.enabled
 
mousebutton.5th.enabled
3r334484.  
Use of additional mouse buttons in Firefox. For ordinary three-button mice (left and right buttons + wheel) you can disable 3r34547. false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] narrate.enabled
3r334484.  
The function of reading the text using synthesized speech in read mode. Cool stuff. It is a pity that only in English. Do not understand English - disable [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] network.allow-experiments
3r334484. 3r31638. *
3r31640. *
 
Collection of various network statistics of the browser. As a rule, tested innovations. Different versions of Firefox may collect different information. [b]  
You can disable this telemetry [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] network.captive-portal-service.enabled
3r334484.  
3r31658. Captive portal
. In public wireless Wi-Fi networks (cafes, train stations, etc.) when connecting a laptop, before starting to use the Internet, it is often necessary to agree to certain conditions or go through 3r31660. Authorization
. If the Internet is not available for a certain time, Firefox redirects to the service authorization page. [b]  
For a non-mobile computer that is constantly connected to the Internet by wire or via its Wi-Fi, this function can be turned off [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] network.dns.disableIPv6
3r334484.  
If there is no connection over IPv6 protocol - disable 3r34547. true
 
[b]  
[i] [b] network.dns.disablePrefetch
3r334484. 3r31686. *
 
This option allows Firefox for each link on the downloaded page to know in advance its IP address from the DNS server (just in case you decide to click it). Thus, the following pages should open a little faster. [b]  
However, if you have a very weak computer and /or a very slow unstable Internet connection (for example, a weak Wi-Fi signal), the page loading time, on the contrary, may increase rather than decrease. In this case, disable this setting [b] true
 
[b]  
[i] [b] network.http.speculative-parallel-limit
3r334484. *  
Preliminary connections to sites when the user hovers over an icon on the New Tab page, or the user starts a search in the search bar, or in the search box on the Home page or New Tab. In case the user then goes to this site, the site may load faster, since some actions have already begun in advance. [b]  
On weak computers, it is advisable to disable this feature [b] 0
 
[b]  
[i] [b] network.notify.changed
3r334484. 3r31718. *
 
The function checks (by default every 5 seconds) whether the parameters of the computer’s network connection have changed. [b]  
This is necessary, for example, if you are not disconnecting the laptop or closing the browser, disconnect from one Wi-Fi access point and move to another location, automatically connect to another Wi-Fi access point that will assign other network connection settings to your computer. Firefox will automatically detect the changes and switch to new options. [b]  
For a stationary computer, or a computer that goes on the Internet all the time through the same network connection, or the same Wi-Fi access point, this option can be turned off [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] network.predictor.enabled
3r334484. 3r31736. *
3r31738. *
 
A mechanism that in some cases can speed up the loading of web pages. Firefox establishes connections to previously visited sites to which, according to his assumption, the user can go. [b]  
On slower slower computers, the option can be disabled [b] false
, and on computers where the web page loads and renders quickly enough - it is advisable to leave it enabled 3r34547. true
 
 
[i] [b] network.prefetch next
3r334484.  
Responsible for preloading Firefox with some links, which the site considers the most likely next step for the user. The inclusion of this parameter is unsafe, leads to unnecessary traffic and a greater load of RAM. If you do not have unlimited slow Internet, RAM in the butt and you do not need Firefox to go wherever it is not asked, disable this feature 3r34547. false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] nglayout.ititialpaint.delay
3r334484. 3r31768. *
3r31770. *
(This parameter is created as Integer )
 
The delay before the start of rendering the loaded web page in milliseconds. The default value is 250. However, if you have fast (more than 2 Mbps) and stable Internet, you can reduce the value to 5 . For small values ​​(0 - 10), the rendering of the displayed page can begin even immediately after clicking on the link.  
Only on very weak computers and /or with a slow and unstable Internet connection (for example, Wi-Fi with poor signal quality) this parameter is better not to touch. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] pdfjs.enableWebGL
3r334484.  
If you have a very slow processor, but WebGL is processed by a video card (see example function [b] Gfx.offscreencanvas.enabled
), Including 3r3r4547. true
this option - drawing pdf documents opened in the browser will speed up a bit.  
 
[i] [b] plugins.rewrite_youtube_embeds
3r334484.  
YouTube provided two versions of the code for inserting videos on websites, on a flash and on html5. On some sites, the code for the flash is inserted, and the browser replaces it with the code for html5. [b]  
This function only works if there is no Flash plug-in installed. If you install the Flash player, disable it [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] privacy.trackingprotection.enabled
3r334484.  
The Tracking Protection feature allows you to block tracking of your actions on the Internet through third-party content embedded in the pages. [b]  
[b]  
The inclusion of the tracking protection in some cases also allows you to increase the speed of loading the page. The inclusion of [b] true
 
[b]  
Some sites need to be able to get data related to this function from you in order to properly interact with your computer. If on any site you notice problems associated with the tracking protection (the individual elements of the page are not shown, the displayed buttons are not pressed), you can disable the tracking protection for this site. [b]  
[b]  
3r31832. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] reader.parse-on-load.enabled
3r334484.  
The view for reading is a special tool that allows you to make reading the content more convenient. Firefox removes all media, navigation and other parts of the site, leaving only the material of interest to the user. The text is automatically enlarged and centered. However, many pages in this mode are displayed incorrectly, or the view for reading is not available at all. [b]  
In order to enter the “View to read”, on the loaded page, at the end of the field for the address bar, click on the page icon with the text. [b]  
3r31847. [b]  
If you do not use the view for reading, you can turn it off [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] security.sandbox.content.level
3r334484. 3r31860. *
3r31862. *
3r31864. *
 
Firefox security feature. In the default state, in [b] mode. 5
, the browser creates an isolated software environment in which the downloaded content is processed. In such a sandbox, malicious code finds it harder to steal data, try to install a virus, or use browser vulnerabilities to attack Windows.  
If you use the main security tools of Firefox itself, an ad blocker is installed with filters that are relevant to it, plus you do not run along left sites with dubious content - you can disable this feature by setting the value to 3r34547. 0
. The browser will work a little faster and the processor will, on average, be 5–10% less loaded.  
[b]  
[i] [b] security.ssl.errorReporting.enabled
3r334484. 3r31882. *
 
If any errors related to certificate sites occur in the browser, you can send the collected reports to Mozilla. Disabling this feature [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] services.blocklist.signing.enforced
 
services.blocklist.update_enabled
3r334484.  
Functions associated with updating the blocklist.xml file, which contains versions of blocked plug-ins, extensions, drivers, and lists of revoked certificates from various sites. If disconnected 3r34547. [i] extensions.blocklist.enabled
, turn off these features false  
[b]  
[b] services.sync.prefs.sync.browser.search.update
 
services.sync.log.appender.file.logonerror
 
services.sync.prefs.sync.extensions.update.enabled
3r334484.  
Synchronization service in Firefox from Mozilla (located in the main settings menu, or at [b] аbout: preferences # sync
). If not using it, unplug false  
[b]  
[i] [b] toolkit.cosmeticAnimations.enabled
3r334484.  
Various animated browser decorations. For example, when closing the central tab, the right one creeps up to the left smoothly. When you disconnect [b] false
This function will move the tabs instantly.  
[b]  
[i] [b] toolkit.telemetry.archive.enabled
 
toolkit.telemetry.bhrPing.enabled
 
toolkit.telemetry.firstShutdownPing.enabled
 
toolkit.telemetry.hybridContent.enabled
 
toolkit.telemetry.newProfilePing.enabled
 
toolkit.telemetry.shutdownPingSender.enabled
 
toolkit.telemetry.unified
 
toolkit.telemetry.updatePing.enabled
3r334484.  
Telemetry. Turn off [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] ui.osk.enabled
 
ui.osk.detect_physical_keyboard
3r334484.  
On-screen touch keyboard. If the monitor is without a touch screen, turn off [b] false
 
[b]  
[i] [b] webgl.angle.try-d3d11
3r334484.  
[i] [b] webgl.enable-webgl2
3r334484.  
It works only with video cards that have OpenGL ES 3.0 support in their drivers. As a rule, these are video cards from DirectX 11. On video cards up to DirectX 10 inclusive, disable these functions [b] false
 
[b]  
[b]  

Add-ons to the

browser. [b]  
Present in Firefox

Firefox installs and includes some of its add-ons by default.  
[b]  
[b]  
[b]  
Most of them are useless. To remove them, close Firefox and go to Windows on the path [i] C: Program Files Mozilla Firefoxbrowserfeatures
. From the [b] folder. features delete the files of those additions that you do not need.  
Some add-ons may have copies in the profile folder. Therefore, in аbout: support in the table "Information about the application" in the line Folder profile Click the “Open folder” button, then in the appeared window open the [b] folder. features
, it will contain another folder with a bunch of numbers in the title, open it and remove add-ons from it.  
[b]  
[b] [email protected]
- 3r32037. Activity Stream
, a new interface for viewing the history of opening sites and bookmarks using the timeline, showing links to previously open content in chronological order. Activity Stream replaces the interface shown when opening a new tab. In addition to the previously proposed search bar and the list of frequently visited resources, the new mode includes a selection of visits history, recently used bookmarks and the Hightlights panel with recommended content that may be of interest to the user (the browser itself compiles sources depending on the chosen subject and filters popular and marketable content) 3r34577.  
If you do not need all this, delete the supplement.  
[b]  
[b] [email protected]
- Application Update Service Helper, checking the PC configuration for compatibility with new Firefox updates. For ESR branches, this is not very relevant, as the changes are minor. You can safely delete.  
[b]  
[b] [email protected]
3r32053. *
- Firefox ESR configurer for OLDJAWS screen reader, support for the old version of the JAWS screen reader.  
If your tab bar did not display this icon or you are not using the old version of the JAWS screen reader, remove this add-on. [b]  
[b]  
[b] [email protected]
- 3r32064. Firefox Screenshots
. Screenshots of Firefox - a function for receiving, downloading, collecting and sharing screenshots.  
If you don’t take screenshots using Firefox, remove this add-on. [b]  
[b]  
[b] [email protected]
- Follow-on Search Telemetry.  
Telemetry collection, delete. [b]  
[b]  
[b] [email protected]
- 3r32082. Form Autofill
. Auto-fill your address in the forms. Allows you to automatically fill in your address in the forms (for example, when you order something online). Also includes an auto-fill credit card feature.  
If you fill out such data yourself, delete this add-on. [b]  
[b]  
[b] [email protected]
3r32092. *
- Photon onboarding. Firefox News Tour In the new empty tab, in the upper left corner, the “New to Firefox? Let's start". You can remove it by removing this add-on.  
3r32096. [b]  
[b]  
[b] [email protected]
- Pocket , do not use - delete.  
[b]  
[b] [email protected]
- Web Compat, allows the browser to receive some critical fixes before the next version is released. As with the Application Update Service Helper, the extension does not have any noticeable benefits, since the incoming patches, for the most part, are cosmetic.  
[b]  

Playing video

[b]  
Unfortunately, technical progress was not too favorable to the performance of new codecs and new programs on the old hardware. [b]  
[b]  
However, with proper setup of a weak PC, you can view videos on the Internet and in HD quality. [b]  
[b]  
Plugins

By default, several plugins can be installed and enabled in Firefox. If you do not use them, you can turn them off.  
[b]  
Openh264 video codec provided by Cisco Systems

It is used to make video calls. Read more here 3r34584. . If you are not making video calls using Firefox, feel free to disable this plugin.  
[b]  
It is also desirable in the settings of this plugin [b] Automatic update
3r334484. Set to Disabled
 
Widevine content decryption plugin provided by Google Inc.

Widevine CDM module, with which it is possible to view the encoded copyrighted media content. Widevine CDM is mainly used to work with paid streaming services, such as Netflix, Spotify and others.  
[b]  
If you do not visit sites with paid and /or encrypted media content, you can disable this plugin and its automatic update. [b]  
[b]  
Shockwave Flash

Html5 is gradually being supplanted. But many sites can still give video to Flash, which is less demanding on computer performance.  
[b]  
Version
???.235 3r3-34584. (for firefox file [b] [i] flashplayer11_2r202_235_win_32bit.exe
) one of the fastest.  
In new versions of Flash Player, more attention is paid to security, not performance. If you don’t watch videos frequently in Flash, you can install the latest version of Flash Player. The difference in CPU utilization compared to 11.x will not be significant. In addition, new versions of Flash Player implement asynchronous drawing of objects on a web page, which can improve the performance of the plug-in on fast computers. [b]  
After installing Flash Player, go to the plugin settings in Firefox and remove the checkbox from
Enable secure mode Adobe Flash
3r334484. [b]  
[b]  
It is advisable to install the plug-in in position [b] Include on request
.  
[b]  
[b]  
[b]  
If while playing a Flash animation or video, green stripes or other artifacts appear on the screen, turn off hardware acceleration in the Flash Player settings and if it does not help, then in the browser settings. [b]  
[b]  
Turn off hardware acceleration

In the settings of Flash Player
 
 
[b]  
[b]  
In the settings Firefox
 
[b]  
[b]  
[b]  
However, before performing such steps, it is advisable to find out if your video card supports hardware acceleration in the browser. And if supported, then try to fix the problem with Flash Player without disabling acceleration, which could arise due to the old video card driver, DirectX, or incompatibility with a certain version of Flash Player. [b]  
[b]  
[b]  
Extensions

YouTube Design Preserver

This is extension will allow you to switch from the heavy new design (interface) of displaying the Youtube pages to the old, simpler and easier one. Many Youtube-related extensions can only work with old-fashioned Youtube pages.  
 
To enable the display of the previous Youtube view, in the settings of the extension you need to select [b] Old layout
and press button Fix it .  
Reload the Youtube page. If everything is fine and you do not need to switch between different styles of design, you can remove this addition, the old design will remain. [b]  
[b]  
YouTube Design Preserver has been running Firefox version 48. [b]  
[b]  
YouTube Download Plus

Using this extensions You can not only download videos from YouTube in various formats and resolutions, but also copy the link to the video stream itself and paste it into any player that supports streaming video playback. For example, MPC-HC (the last with SSE2 And Without ) Or any other. In this way, you can watch videos on Youtube at 720p, even on very weak computers.  
[b]  
The link is copied as follows, select the desired video quality and drag it with the left mouse button into the player window. The player will automatically start playing the video at this link. In order for the player not to hide behind the browser window, it is necessary to enable the "Over all windows" mode in its settings. [b]  
[b]  
[b]  
[b]  
In order for the video to not start playing right away on the open browser page, you can disable auto-play in the Firefox settings by changing [i] [b] media.autoplay.enabled
3r334484. on 3r34547. false
 
 
YouTube Download Plus runs from version 52 of Firefox and only with the old Youtube design. [b]  
[b]  
Byffox YouTube Downloads

Extension It looks like YouTube Download Plus, but a bit easier. Links are copied and dug /inserted into the player in the same way.  
[b]  
[b]  
[b]  
It can be installed in browsers PaleMoon 28 and Firefox to version 57. Only works with old Youtube design. In a multiprocess mode of the browser, this extension does not work. [b]  
[b]  
h264ify

This extension allows you to quite unload the processor of the computer when watching a video from Youtube in two cases:
 
 
1. If the video card can decode video H.264
 
2. The computer pulls video at 720 and 30 frames per second, but it slows down to 720 * 60fps video. [b]  
[b]  
In the first case, the extension asks Youtube to give the video in H.264 format, which is able to decode the video card. And in the second, it also asks Youtube to replace the video with a quality of 60 fps with 30fps, which the processor will already be able to do. [b]  
[b]  
To disable 60fps, in the h264ify settings you need to put the bird on [b] Block 60fps video

 
Block ads and unnecessary items on the web page 3r32365. [b]  
Using extensions

On many sites, the number of blocked ads on one open page may be more than a dozen. The processor is particularly loaded with various animations. The modern web does not cause problems on computers even about 10 years ago, since such computers have more than 1 gigabyte of RAM, a multi-core processor, as well as some of the workload on graphics processing is shifted to the video card.  
[b]  
For an old computer with a modest iron configuration, any sneeze of a programmer in the form of a flashing picture is “eating up” 20-50% of processor performance. Therefore, it is advisable to get rid of loading and displaying such elements with the help of ad blockers. [b]  
[b]  
You can also improve the responsiveness of open pages by manually blocking those elements that you never use. This will positively affect the smoothness of scrolling and page loading speed. [b]  
[b]  
For example, at the bottom of each page almost always displays information on the similarity of this
 
[b]  
[b]  
[b]  
All this can be blocked manually by the blocker, as well as topics, sections, image captions and various menu columns that you do not need. After stripping you will enjoy not only the surfing speed of the site, but also the correct display of information on the pages, without unnecessary distraction, as it should be in principle from the point of view of common sense. [b]  
[b]  
For more intelligent setting of locks using extensions, read the recommendations [b] RU AdList
http://forum.ru-board.com/topic.cgi?forum=5&topic=49172&start=1979&limit=1&m=1#1  
[b]  
The most lightweight blocker is uBlock Origin . Version ??? the latter that works correctly with PaleMoon 28 and Firefox up to 57 in single-process mode (the parameter 3r34547. 3r334483. browser.tabs.remote.force-enable
was not created, or it was turned off false ).  
[b]  
Some browser tools

For each site in Firefox, you can customize your permissions policy. About this feature, in more detail, you can read on the browser support site. To quickly enter the Page Info settings window, move the mouse over an empty space in the open page and right-click. A window like this appears
 
 
[b]  
[b]  
in it go to "Page Information". A separate Page Information window will open separately. There, in the Permissions tab, you can disable the ability of this site to receive various information from your computer. [b]  
[b]  
[b]  
[b]  
Naturally, if the site does not send notifications, is not interested in whether you have a camera or microphone, then enabling or disabling these settings will not affect how the browser works with this site. [b]  
[b]  
After changing some settings, corresponding icons will appear in front of the address bar. [b]  
[b]  
[b]  
[b]  
Additionally, in the same place, but in the “Multimedia” tab, you can block the display of certain media elements, such as advertising pictures, which are uploaded to the site from a specific advertising server. [b]  
[b]  
[b]  
[b]  
View the mobile version of the site

This recommendation can help those who on frequently visited sites watch jams when displaying or scrolling "heavy" pages in the browser.  
[b]  
Habr and many others have their mobile versions of sites for viewing from tablets, smartphones or mobile phones. As a rule, they are lighter, have a simple design and do not contain part of the page elements that are in the full version for PC. [b]  
[b]  
To go to the mobile version of the site, at the very bottom of the page, where various contact or technical information is indicated, you need to find the appropriate link. [b]  
[b]  
[b]  
For netbooks or small screen computers in Firefox, you can install the add-on User-Agent Switcher . With it, you can change the information sent to the site about your browser and the device from which you access the Internet. For example, to pretend that you are leaving the Android device. If the site has a mobile version, it will show it. [b]  
[b]  
If you need to make a permanent display of mobile versions only for certain sites, in аbout: config are created. lines For example: 3r34547. general.useragent.override. 3r334484.
3r333864. youtube.com 3r333865. , [i] general.useragent.override. 3r334484. 3r333864. habr.com 3r333865. or others. To create 3r34547. general.useragent.override. 3r334484.
is added. domain name site. And one of this fits into the meaning:
 
 
[i] [b] Mozilla /5.0 (Linux; Android 7.0; PLUS Build /NRD90M) AppleWebKit /??? (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome /???.98 Mobile Safari /???r3r34555. 3r334484. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] Mozilla /5.0 (iPhone; CPU iPhone OS 11_0_1 like Mac OS X) AppleWebKit /??? (KHTML, like Gecko) Version /11.0 Mobile /15A402 Safari /???r3r34555. 3r334484. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] Mozilla /5.0 (Windows Phone 8.1; ARM; Trident /7.0; Touch; WebView /2.0; rv: 11.0; IEMobile /11.0; NOKIA; Lumia 525) like Gecko
3r334484.  
[b]  
If you are completely satisfied with the mobile version of the entire Internet, and will not return to full versions of PC sites, you can not install the User-Agent Switcher add-on or not create your own 3r34547 for each site. [i] general.useragent.override. 3r334484.
3r333864. site 3r333865. , but simply create line [b] general.useragent.override
3r334484. without a domain name at the end, and in its value, insert something one of the above.  
[b]  

Drivers and updates

[b]  
This part of the article should be read by those who do not update their Windows or drivers. Almost all browsers for their work use built-in drivers or the operating system itself functions. If something in Windows does not work, Microsoft may issue updates that fix errors, similarly happens with drivers for computer hardware. After the release of fixes, browser developers can put in their “black list” previous versions of some components of Windows or certain versions of drivers. What ultimately results in a noticeable decrease in browser performance on a non-upgrading user's computer. [b]  
[b]  
Drivers

For a faster and more stable computer operation, it is advisable to install the latest drivers from the hardware manufacturer’s websites or the chips installed in the equipment. So for many chips installed on old motherboards, their manufacturers on their sites published links to download drivers for Windows 7. For example, they arrived in 3r332580. Realtek
by making new drivers for old network adapters and AC97 sound. Do VIA 3r34584. You can also find drivers for an old sound or network. Intel did not make drivers for Windows 7 for its old chipsets, however, everything can work quite well on the existing drivers from Microsoft. AMD and Nvidia have drivers for Vista on the driver download pages, for many older graphics cards and motherboard chipsets, for example for 3r35858. Radeon 95 ** or FX5 *** . Such drivers are usually installed without problems and work in Windows 7.
 
But, even if there is no driver needed for loading and something does not work as it should, you can try installing the driver from Windows XP in compatibility mode (except for drivers that work with disks), in many cases it helps. Also, in the absence of the necessary driver for certain equipment, you can search for information on it on the Internet. For example, even for the old MX440 video card, some inquisitive users could brute force to find a working driver version ???r3r34584. . And for the Intel's integrated graphics, the 82845G was 3r3r59594. Found method 3r34584. install the driver designed for Windows XP.  
A 100% guarantee that the problem that has arisen with the missing driver is resolved is of course not, but in most cases driver problems are solved. [b]  
Try to install all the drivers that should be on your computer. And in the “Device Manager” table there were no yellow exclamation marks left. [b]  
[b]  
All installed drivers should be taken first of all from the official sites of manufacturers of equipment or components. If there are no such sites or links to them, then secondarily, you need to look for drivers (by device ID codes) on the sites of chip manufacturers installed in the computer components. In extreme cases, search in other sources of credible. And do not download files "drivers" from all sorts of left-wing sites that are not related to computer topics.
[b]  
Update KB2670838 and hardware acceleration in the browser

Windows update
KB2670838
highly recommended for installation (if not installed). Without it, will not work in the browser. Direct2D , hardware video decoding and other components. In Firefox, Direct2D can work without this update to version 4? and hardware video decoding of H.264 to version 55. In new versions of the browser, on page 3rr34483. аbout: support
in the section “Graphics”, in the absence of KB267083? this will be written in lines DIRECT2D and 3r34547. GPU_PROCESS  
How the browser works on a computer on which this update is not installed can be viewed in this video. By the way, this netbook can hardware decode vieweo in 1080p resolution and work with Direct2D.  
 
[b]  
[b]  
In addition, KB2670838 can increase the speed of Windows 7 itself. So for my integrated GMA950 graphics card, the Aero graphics performance test in Windows, without installing an update, showed a value of 2.? and after installing the update and a new driver already 2.2. [b]  
[b]  
[b] IMPORTANT!
 
When you update, so that when updating Windows, it does not download other updates that you do not need (and it does it), remove the wire from the computer’s network card or disconnect your Wi-Fi router. [b]  
[b]  
Hardware acceleration in Firefox consists of many components: Composite, Direct2D, DirectWrite, video decoding, WebGL, and more. For computers with DirectX???r3r34547 graphics card. c
a more suitable browser would be something from Firefox 5? Pale Moon or others on the Firefox 52esr engine, in which Direct3D9 Compositing still works. You can configure these browsers following the example of my previous article, Old computer, Windows XP, 512 MB of RAM, Firefox and Internet  
[b]  
If there are any errors in hardware acceleration (for example, with video or page rendering), you can try to remedy the situation by disabling individual components related to the problem, and not all hardware acceleration from the settings of the main menu. If hardware acceleration does not work, but you need it, look at [i] аbout: support
in the “Graphics” table, in the “Solution log” section, with which errors this is related.  
In some cases, the full hardware acceleration of the video card in the browser can lead to overheating of the laptop due to a poor cooling design. For example, when to remove heat from the chips applied aluminum foil or poor ventilation. Experienced way, you can leave the settings that are less likely to heat the laptop.
[b]  
DirectX

DirectX - the necessary software, which greatly affects the performance in those applications where hardware acceleration is used (including Firefox). You can upgrade DirectX by downloading and installing its web installer.  
[b]  

Configuring Windows 7

[b]  
Service

Before you go into setting up services, think about whether you need slightly 3r33865. optimize your computer at the risk of losing the functionality of any installed programs. The performance gain will be completely not large or not at all noticeable, and in some cases, a lot, computer performance can be significantly reduced. By disabling services, you can try to slightly increase the performance of a PC with old single-core Pentium 4 processors, without the video card, or with a critically small (1GB or less) installed RAM. [b]  
If you do decide to look at and possibly change the values ​​of the services, keep in mind that many services may have a dependency on working with other services. Installed programs on your computer for proper operation can also access or start services that are not normally running or set to Manual. Therefore, before you start changing the startup type of services, after installing Windows and activating it, install all the drivers, Windows updates, DirectX, and programs you need. After that, you can proceed. At the same time, if there are doubts somewhere to disconnect or not, consider whether it is necessary, and if you decide to disconnect, after disabling the service, restart the computer and then check whether everything works as before. [b]  
[b]  
DHCP client 3r34555.
With the help of this service, the computer receives from the server of the provider or your router the necessary IP addresses to work on the local network or the Internet. [b]  
[b]  
If you have a router installed to access the Internet in the apartment, it is advisable to set up a computer in the settings [i] [b] Local Area Connection
3r334484. (Start - Control Panel - Network and Sharing Center - Change adapter settings, or a simpler way: with keys 3r34547. Win 3r34555. + 3r3-34547. R
And then insert the command 3r34547. Ncpa.cpl ), then right-click on Local Area Connection - Properties - Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP /IPv4) - Properties button in the field 3r33864. Use the following IP address and 3r333864. Use the following DNS server addresses [/u] the values ​​that the router gives you DHCP (right click on Local Area Connection - Status - Details button).  
 
is associated with the operation of this service. [b] The WinHTTP Web Proxy Autodiscover Service
3r334484. .  
[b]  
After restarting the computer and subsequent testing of the network and the Internet, the DHCP client service can be disabled. [b]  
[b]  
[b]  
[b]  
DNS client

Surfing the Internet does not need this service. It is unlikely that someone will call your computer by name. This service may be needed when using IPSEC (see the IPsec Policy Agent service).  
Home user DNS client can be disabled. [b]  
[b]  
If you do not have a local network with other computers, or there are, but users from other computers come to you to browse folders not by computer name, but by IP - you can disable NetBIOS. [b]  
Right-click on Local Area Connection -> Properties -> Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP /IPv4), General tab -> Advanced button -> WINS tab. Disable NetBIOS as shown in the screenshot. Your computer at times will be less litter unnecessary broadcast packets to the network. [b]  
[b]  
[b]  
[b] BranchCache
3r334484. *  
Caching technology built into Windows 7 and designed to optimize (reduce) network traffic transmitted over WAN links. Accordingly, the main scope of BranchCache is organizations with branches and remote offices, which are connected to each other and the central office by relatively slow data lines. BranchCache works only in a bundle of Windows 7 + Windows Server 2008 R2. [b]  
Home users do not need this service, you can disable it. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] Superfetch
3r334484. *  
System service that tries to use all available Windows memory as efficiently as possible. It constantly monitors which applications the user runs, and which executable and data files they access. Having information about which applications the user works most often with - the service loads the corresponding code and data into memory in advance, and when the user starts his application, all the necessary information is already in memory and the launch takes place much faster - because there is no need to read information from the hard disk. [b]  
If the computer memory is not in the butt, you can leave this service enabled. For computers that do not have the usual mechanical hard drives, and faster SSD drives, you can try to turn it off. [b]  
[b]  
[b] [b] Windows Live ID Sign-in Assistant
* * *  
Includes account authentication in various Microsoft services. Used to authenticate when logging into Windows Live products.  
If you do not have such products on your computer, you can disable the service. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] Windows CardSpace
3r334484. *  
Canceled client software with proprietary Microsoft single sign-on technology. WCS is a way to identify users when moving between Internet resources without having to re-enter their names and passwords. [b]  
Unplug. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] Parental Controls
3r334484.  
This service is a stub for the functionality of the Windows Parental Control service that existed in Vista. It is provided solely for backward compatibility. [b]  
Do not use the parental control features of Windows 7 itself - disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] Windows Search
3r334484. * *  
Content indexing, caching properties and search results for files, email and other content. [b]  
If you know where the various files are located on your computer, and you do not use the built-in search “Find programs and files” and the search bar in the windows windows of Windows 7 itself, you can disable the service. [b]  
3r3185. [b]  
[b]  
[b]  
[b]  
[b] [i] Autotune WWAN
 
This service manages mobile broadband (GSM and CDMA) data cards and built-in modular adapters, as well as connections and automatic configuration of networks.  
If your computer does not have such devices or they will not connect to it, you can disable the service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] [i] Standalone files
*  
On home versions of Windows ? this service is not available. [b]  
The Offline Files service performs maintenance work on the Offline Files cache, responds to user logon and logoff events, implements common API properties, and sends events that interest them to interested offline files and changes in the cache state. [b]  
Using offline files, you can access copies of network files, even if the computer is not connected to the network, or when the computers on which these files are stored have disconnected from the network. If the file is made available offline, then Windows creates a copy of it on the computer. This file is called offline file. After disconnecting from the network, you can open, edit and save the file in the same way as before disconnecting. And after the next connection to the network, Windows automatically synchronizes the offline file on the computer with the corresponding network file. [b]  
If there is no shared network with other computers, or you are not using offline files, disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Network Access Protection Agent
* *  
The Network Access Protection Agent collects and manages information about the health of client computers on the network. The information collected by this agent is used to confirm that the client computer has the necessary software and the necessary parameters are used. If the client computer does not comply with the health policy, then it can get limited access to the network before updating its configuration. [b]  
This technology of Microsoft, designed to control access to the enterprise network, based on information about the state of the connecting computer. For home PCs, this service is not needed. [b]  
[b]  
[b] IPsec Policy Agent
3r334484. *  
[i] [b] IPsec Key Exchange Modules for Internet Key and Internet Protocol Authentication 3r34555. 3r334484. [b]  
Before starting a secure communication, a secure connection must be established between the two computers using IPsec. IPsec consists of several components. These components are designed to download IPSec policy information, transfer it to other IPSec components, and also ensure that the security services need this information to work. [b]  
IPsec is typically used to encrypt IP traffic between a workstation and a domain, as well as for VPN connections. [b]  
If you do not enter a domain, you do not have a VPN network, and you are not using IPv? you can disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] [i] Adaptive brightness adjustment
 
Designed to monitor the ambient light sensor and adjust the brightness of the monitor in accordance with changes in illumination. In the case of stopping or disabling this service, the monitor does not adjust the brightness of the monitor according to the light. [b]  
If there is no such sensor in the PC, or there is one, but you do not need this function, disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Windows biometric service.
 
Designed to collect, compare, process and store biometric data in client applications without gaining direct access to biometric samples or equipment. [b]  
If the computer is not installed, or it is not connected to, for example, sensors for scanning fingerprints, retinal eyes, and other biometric equipment, or the corresponding software that works with data obtained from these devices is not used, disable the service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Windows Firewall
3r3333363. *
 
Windows Firewall helps prevent unauthorized access to your computer over the Internet or a network. [b]  
The service is needed if your PC is an Internet gateway for another PC on a local network, or a computer (laptop) uses connections to different Wi-Fi networks, where other computers connected to these networks may have access rights to your laptop (for example on psome rights, others in a public place, and others at home). [b]  
For a home stationary computer that is connected to the network through a router, or if you did not configure the settings for this service in Windows, or another third-party program is used on the computer (some antivirus with many protection functions), this service can be turned off. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Computer Browser
 
The service is used in a peer-to-peer local area network (all computers have the same rights, as a rule, without a permanently on server). For home PC is not needed, disable. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Web Client
 
Disabling this service has no effect on viewing resources on the Internet. For a regular home PC, this service is not needed, you can disable it. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Ancillary IP service
 
Support for IPv6 protocol. If it is not used or it is impossible to connect via it (at the moment, on the territory of the former USSR around 3r3-32991. 1-2%
From all computers have an IPv6 connection), disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Secondary login to the system
 
Allows you to run processes on behalf of another user. [b]  
If no one enters your computer from another computer via remote access, disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Grouping network members
 
Identity Manager for Network Members
 
The PNRP
Computer Name Publishing Service.  
The PNRP protocol is
*  
Includes multi-party interactions through peer-to-peer grouping. When disabled, some applications, such as the homegroup, may stop working. [b]  
Allows serverless peer-to-peer name resolution through the Internet and publishes them on the network. If disabled, some peer-to-peer and collaboration applications, such as Remote Assistance, may not work. [b]  
If there is no peer-to-peer (without server) local network with other computers, or there is no access to other computers on the local network, disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Disk Defragmenter
 
When using a third-party defragmenter, this service is not needed. If only SSD hard drives are installed in the computer, be sure to turn off the service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Remote Access Connection Manager
3r33045. *
 
[b] Remote Access Auto Connection Manager
 
Routing and Remote Access
3r33055. *
3r33057. *
 
[b] SSTP service.
3r33065. *
3r33067. *
 
[b] Telephony 3r334344.
 
Services that process data when connecting to a remote server, offer routing services to organizations on the local and global networks. The SSTP Service provides support for the SSTP (Secure Socket Tunneling Protocol) protocol for connecting to remote computers using a VPN. The Telephony service provides Telephony API (TAPI) support for programs that manage telephone equipment on this computer, as well as through a LAN — on the servers where the corresponding service is running. In addition, during the connection provides the client with status information. [b]  
If you disable these services, you will not be able to provide routing services for this and other computers in your local and global network environment. [b]  
[b]  
If your computer does not act as a server for other computers, no additional VPN connection or remote access connection to “Network connections” was created on the computer (3r34547. Win 3r34555. + [b] R 3r34555. And 3r34547. Ncpa.cpl
), for example, access to the network and /or the Internet is made only through existing Wi-Fi or Ethernet connections, you can stop these services. To properly shut down these services, go to their properties, but do not stop them, but set it to the “Disabled” position, then restart the computer.  
[b]  
[b] [i] Print Manager
 
If there is no printer or virtual printers, disable. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Src Manager, Desktop Window Manager
 
Topics
3r334484.  
Launch and maintenance of the window manager and the management of themes. [b]  
These two services strongly affect the performance and size of memory consumed by the computer. Many users turn them off for optimization purposes, thus, in many cases, on the contrary, they make their computer slower. The fact is, some calculations for graphics rendering in Windows can be taken by the video card, shifting part of the load from the processor to itself. Video cards (including built-in ones) supporting DirectX from version 9 can work with these features in Windows 7. Therefore, if your PC has a video card that supports DirectX 9 or later versions of DirectX, do not disable these services. [b]  
Services can be disabled if you have a video card that does not support DirectX 9 installed on your computer, as well as if you use the built-in DirectX 9 graphics card, but its video memory is taken from the total RAM of the computer, while the total volume of the computer itself is less than 1GB. [b]  
Characteristics of your video chip can be viewed by installing a special program GPU-Z or googling on the Internet. [b]  
[b]  
[b] [i] Security Account Manager
 
The service ensures the security of the local user account. Disabling this service, as a rule, does not affect the stability of the computer, but, nevertheless, it is not recommended and can reduce the level of security of the operating system. [b]  
If you are the only user and there is nothing valuable on the computer, you can disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] software protection.
 
Allows downloading, installation, and enforcement of digital licenses for Windows and Windows applications. If the service is disabled, it is possible that the operating system and licensed applications will run in notification mode. [b]  
Depending on the method of activating Windows, this service can be switched to the "Manual" state. If necessary, she herself will periodically turn on. But do not stop or disable this service, otherwise Windows activation may fail. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Windows Defender
3r334484. 3r333331. *
 
Windows Defender, previously called Microsoft AntiSpyware, monitors suspicious activity of programs and is able to remove malicious software. [b]  
When using third-party anti-virus software, it is desirable to disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] [i] Application compatibility information
 
Service Compatibility Assistant
3r333337. *
* 3r333331. *
 
Process compatibility check requests for applications as they start and provide support for the Program Compatibility Assistant. [b]  
After installing all the drivers and programs, if during the installation process, as well as after their launch, errors did not pop up and you did not have to install work in compatibility mode with old versions of Windows, you can disable these services. [b]  
[b]  
[b] SNMP trap
3r333335. *
3r333337. *
 
Receives interception messages generated by local or remote SNMP agents and forwards them to SNMP management programs running on this computer. SNMP-enabled devices include routers, switches, servers, workstations, printers, modem racks, and others. As a rule, such signals are sent by devices in order to notify the network administrator of the occurrence of some critical events. For example, some types of uninterruptible power supply (UPS) can send SNMP-trap when the equipment goes into UPS battery mode. [b]  
A home user is unlikely to need this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Remote Procedure Call (RPC) locator 3-3334484.
 
This service does not perform any functions and is present for compatibility with legacy applications. [b]  
[b]  
[b] [i] NetBIOS over TCP /IP module
 
For home PCs in the local and global networks, this service is not needed, disable it. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Configuring Remote Desktop Server
 
Remote Desktop Services
 
The redirector of ports of the user mode of services of remote desktops
(Service is absent in Home versions of Windows 7)
 
If your computer or vice versa does not connect other computers to your computer via a remote desktop, disable these services.  
[b]  
[b] Instant Windows Connections - Recorder Settings
 
This service contains the Windows Connect Now configuration (implementation of the WPS protocol from Microsoft). It is used to configure the wireless network settings for an access point or Wi-Fi device. The service is started programmatically if necessary. [b]  
If there are no Wi-Fi connections, or the connections are made without WPS (for example, the Wi-Fi access point does not have WPS support, or it is not enabled), the service can be disabled. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Detection of SSDP
3r332347. *
 
[b] Detect and support UPnP devices in the home network 3r34848.
* *  
[b] [i] IP Bus Enumerator PnP-X
3r33265. *
 
[b] Media Center Extender Service
 
The node of the universal PNP devices
3r33275. *
 
[b] The host of the discovery provider is
3r33283. *
 
Services can not be turned off, provided that you have devices that support DLNA, UPnP and /or WSD connected to your home network. [b]  
Such DLNA-devices can be: a special media extender, a TV with a LAN port or Wi-Fi, smartphones, etc. When setting up the appropriate software on your computer-file server, you can watch on TV the media stored on your computer using only the remote control from your TV or smartphone in as a remote. [b]  
UPnP and WSD can be various devices connected to the local network: printers, scanners, routers, IP cameras, etc. The UPnP and WSD mechanisms allow the user to quickly and easily find these devices in their network with the computer, while the devices themselves adjust to each other for well coordinated work. Some programs on the computer (for example, torrent clients) can use UPnP to ensure that the router automatically forwards certain port numbers specified in the program settings. In most cases, you can do without UPnP and WSD, if you configure everything yourself manually. But, if you are too lazy to understand and everything is set up and works as it should - do not disable these services. [b]  
If you do not have your home network, or you do not use these features, disable them. [b]  
[b]  
[b] The main services of the trusted platform module
3r3333301. *
3r333333. *
 
[b] BitLocker Drive Encryption Service
3r3333311. *
 
A trusted platform module (TPM) is a microchip designed to provide basic security-related functions, mostly related to encryption keys. The trusted platform module, as a rule, is installed on the motherboard of the computer and interacts with the other components of the system using a hardware bus. The possibility of installing this chip on motherboards began in 2005. The TPM module may not be enabled in the motherboard BIOS. [b]  
[b]  
BitLocker - provides full encryption of computer volumes. The volume encryption key is stored in a separate secure location (a new volume is created for the encryption key) and is issued only after verifying the integrity of the boot environment. BitLocker technology is only available on Windows Enterprize and Ultimate. BitLocker can work in 5 modes, in four with a TPM chip and one mode with a TPM chip. [b]  
[b]  
If you don’t have anyone to hide the data on your computer, and you don’t use these functions, disable these services. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Definition of shell equipment
 
Provides notifications for autorun events on various devices. [b]  
If you disable the service, the shell of the installed programs and media elements associated with startup on CD /DVD drives and flash drives will not automatically start. You will need to manually go to the CD /DVD section of the disk or flash drive and run the desired file. [b]  
In manyFor security reasons, it is recommended to disable this service. For example, if you insert other people's flash drives into your computer, after disabling this service, the probability of infection with viruses present on the flash drive will decrease. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Multimedia Class Scheduler
 
After loading Windows, this service automatically stops itself after a couple of minutes, if no programs are running for which the service is needed. Do not stop or change the startup type of this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Provider home group
 
Listener home group
 
Publish resource discovery features to
 
Workstation 3r34577.  
Service information about the connected networks 3r334344.
3r3333363. *
 
[b] [i] Network list service
 
Server
 
All these services can be disabled, provided that your computer is not connected to any local network with other computers. Either in the existing local network, access to each other’s computers is impossible or undesirable. After disabling services, torrents and other file sharing programs will still work. [b] Service information about the connected networks 3r334344.
can be disabled only if you have disabled the service. [i] Autotune WWAN .  
After shutdown [b] Services list networks
3r334484. In the status of the local area connection, the icon will appear all the time as if there is no connection 3r338389. , although the network will still work and access to the network settings will also remain. This icon does not carry any information content, you can remove it if you wish.  
[b]  
[b] [i] Wired auto tuning
3r333338. *
3r333400. *
 
The Wired AutoConfig Service (DOT3SVC) is responsible for authenticating IEEE 802.1X Ethernet interfaces. [b]  
Passage of authorization by a computer, for admission to the local network. It is used in local networks of enterprises. Home users can disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) 3r34848.
3r333414. *
3r333416. *
3r333338. *
 
If you have disabled the service [b] [i] Wired auto tuning
and 3r34547. WLAN auto configuration service
, and also did not create a VPN connection in the "Network Connections" (3r3-34547. Win 3r3-34555. + 3r3-34547. R 3r3-34555. and ncpa.cpl ), you can disable this service.  
 
[b] Network login to the system
*  
For authenticating users and services, Net Logon System Service supports a secure channel between a computer and a domain controller. It sends user credentials to the domain controller, and returns domain security identifiers and rights assigned to the user. Typically, this process is called pass-through authentication. The Net Logon service automatically starts only when an ordinary computer or domain controller joins the domain. This service is not needed at home or in home networks, so you can turn it off. [b]  
[b]  
[b] The WinHTTP web proxy auto discovery service
* * 3r333460. *
 
The service may participate in updating Windows and some applications that require access to the Internet. The service starts if necessary, and after use it shuts down after 15 minutes. [b]  
For a home user, if you do not update Windows, or do it manually (installing pre-loaded updates), you can disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] WLAN auto configuration service
 
If your computer does not have a Wi-Fi adapter, disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] The basic filtering service
 
Disable if you have disabled all these services before:
 
IPsec Policy Agent
 
Windows Firewall
 
Routing and Remote Access
 
IPsec Key Exchange Modules for Internet Key Exchange and Authentication Protocol
 
Internet connection sharing
[b]  
[b]  
[b] Tablet PC Entry Service
 
Ensures pen and ink input on tablet PCs. [b]  
No or do not use either one or the other - disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Windows Time Service
 
Manages date and time synchronization across all clients and servers on the network. If this service is stopped, date and time synchronization will not be available. [b]  
For a home user, the startup type of this service can be changed to Manual. Automatic time synchronization with the Microsoft server will not work in this case. However, if necessary, it will be possible to set the time manually or by clicking on the synchronization button with the server on the Internet. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Windows Image Download Service (WIA)
 
Provides imaging services from scanners and digital cameras. If only regular USB flash drives and /or nothing are connected to the USB ports of the computer, you can disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Microsoft iSCSI Initiator Service
3r333540. *
3r333542. *
3r333544. *
 
Using this service on your computer, you can configure the display and access to virtual disks (hard disks located on certain remote servers that can work using the iSCSI protocol). Systems based on iSCSI are used in local networks of enterprises. Home users can disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Windows Font Cache Service
 
Optimizes application performance by caching the most frequently used font data. Applications will run this service if it is not already running. [b]  
You can set the startup type of this service to Manual. If necessary, it will start. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Portable Device Enumerator Service
 
Applies group policy to removable storage devices. Allows applications, such as Windows Media Player and the picture import wizard, to transfer and synchronize content when using removable storage devices. [b]  
After Windows starts up, the service starts for a few minutes and then shuts down. You can leave it as it is, in the Manual position. If necessary, the service itself will turn on. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Bluetooth support service
 
The Bluetooth service supports the detection and negotiation of remote Bluetooth devices. If your computer does not have an integrated Bluetooth module and new Bluetooth devices will not connect, disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Windows Error Registration Service
3r333590. *
*  
Allows the sending of error reports in the event of program termination or freezing, and also permits the delivery of existing solutions to problems. Also allows the creation of logs for diagnostic and recovery services. If this service is stopped, error reporting may not work and the results of the diagnostic and recovery services may not be displayed. [b]  
If errors do not occur or written when errors occur you do not understand and does not help in solving the problem, then this service can be disabled on the home computer. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Windows Remote Management Service (WS-Management)
* *  
[b] Windows event collector
 
Allows you to control a remote computer by the same commands. These commands are executed either on the command line or in the Windows Power Shell. [b]  
If nobody remotely controls your computer, or vice versa, you do not control someone else, then turn off these services on your home PC. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Cryptographic Services
 
Contains 4 services:
 
Directory Database Service - confirms the signature of Windows files and allows the installation of new programs. [b]  
Service secure root - adds and deletes certificates of a trusted root certification authority from this computer. [b]  
Service automatic update of root certificates - gets root certificates from Windows Update and allows scripts such as SSL. [b]  
Key service - allows you to apply for certificates from this computer. [b]  
[b]  
Essentially, this service verifies the signature of Windows files. The service is necessary for updating Windows in manual and automatic modes, as well as for installing Service Packs and DirectX, Windows Media Player and some .NET applications may require this service in order for some functions to work. [b]  
On your home computer, after installing all the Windows updates, drivers, and programs, you can set the startup type to Manual. If necessary, the service itself will start. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Application Gateway Service
*  
Disable if you did not enable [b] Internet Connection Sharing (ICS) 3r34484.
 
[b]  
[b] [i] Smart card
 
smart card removal policy.  
Distribution certificate
 
If you do not connect plastic card readers to your computer, disable these services. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Channel level topologist
3r34384. *
*  
Creates a network map containing information about the topology of computers and devices (connections), as well as metadata describing each computer and device. [b]  
For home users, this service is useless, the network and the Internet work without it, disconnect. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Remote Registry
 
Allows remote users to modify registry settings. If this service is stopped, the registry can be changed only by local users running on this computer. [b]  
For home PCs, this service is desirable to disable. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Certificate application
3r3333318. *
* *  
Defines and validates the identity of the application. Disabling this service makes it impossible to enforce the AppLocker policy. [b]  
AppLocker extends application management and software restriction policy functionality. AppLocker contains new features and extensions that allow you to create rules to allow or prohibit the launch of applications based on the unique identification data of files, and also indicate which users or groups can run these applications. [b]  
If you have not created any policies for AppLocker, you can disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Application Management
* *  
The service is not in the Home versions of Windows 7.
 
This service does the processing of requests to install, remove and build lists for programs installed through group policy. [b]  
Group Policy is one of the tools for customizing Windows, you can use it to enable many features of the system, or to disable them. Using group policies, you can configure the system for the user under which you are logged in, for other users of this computer, or for other users on other computers in a domain network. Group policies are used not only by system administrators, they can be used to configure your own computer. For example, using group policies, you can change the login screen in Windows ? you can also restrict access to some folders to other users of this computer, you can manage passwords, display folders, disable automatic updating, allow only certain applications to start, disable access to the control panel etc. [b]  
[b]  
If you are the only user on your computer and have not configured any policies, you can disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] 3r334483. Installer ActiveX (AxInstSV)
3r333760. *
3r333762. *
 
ActiveX, a framework introduced in 199? through which developers embedded native Windows components (COM /OLE) into web pages. Such objects could be downloaded and installed directly from the site, and they were subsequently downloaded and displayed in the Internet Explorer browser. In 201? Microsoft announced it was no longer supporting ActiveX. [b]  
The service can be left enabled if you use Internet Explorer. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Windows Installer
 
Allows you to install, modify, and delete Windows updates and additional components. If this service is disabled, installing or removing Windows updates may not work. It is also impossible to change the list of Windows components, which is located in the “Programs and Features” -> “Enable or Disable Windows Components” menu
 
If you are not going to install updates and various Windows downloadable components on your computer, after installing all the drivers and programs on your computer, and after you have completely configured Windows, you can try disabling this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Fax 3r34555. 3r334484. [b]  
If there are no faxes connected to the computer, the service can be disabled. [b]  
[b]  
[b] [i] Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS) 3r34848.
*  
Transfers files in the background, using unused network bandwidth. If this service is disabled, any applications that depend on BITS, such as Windows Update or MSN Explorer, will not be able to automatically download programs and other information. [b]  
If Windows does not update, or is updated manually, as well as, if you are not using unlimited internet, disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] [i] The host of the discovery provider is
 
The service can be disabled if you do not have your local network with other computers and there are no devices using detection functions (see service description 3r34547. 3r34483. SSDP detection 3r334344. 3r34555. And other related services). [b]  
[b]  
[b] Security Center 3r334344.
*  
A rather large description of this service in Windows itself. If you have previously disabled all the services that this service controls, and do not want to periodically see on the monitor screen various notifications about the security of certain events, you can disable this service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] [i] Windows Update
 
If for some reason you do not want or can not upgrade your Windows, you can disable the service. [b]  
[b]  
[b] Encrypted File System (EFS)
3r3334848. *
3r33?850. *
 
A data encryption system that implements file-level encryption. Not available in the "home" versions of Windows 7 (Home Basic and Premium). This system provides the ability to "transparently encrypt" data stored on partitions with the NTFS file system to protect potentially sensitive data from unauthorized access when physically accessing the computer and disks. [b]  
If you are the only user of the computer and /or do not use EFS to store encrypted files that other people should not see, disable this service.
[b]  
Startup

3r333864. After installing and configuring all the drivers and all the programs on the computer 3r3338365. , click Win + R and 3r34547. msconfig
. In the System Configuration window, click the tab. Startup . Copy to the leaf everything from the column "Startup item". Then look for information about them on the Internet, what they are responsible for and whether you need /can you turn them off. All that you do not need - disconnect.  
 
Startup greatly affects memory consumption after booting Windows. A large number of running processes you do not need can put a weak computer "on your knees". Getting into the autoload by default when installing the program has become a tradition for many developers. For this, be sure to understand the autoload. Almost half of all your “brakes” are here. [b]  
[b]  
Other recommendations

Personalization

Win + R and 3r34547. control desktop
 
If you have a DirectX 9 graphics card installed on your computer, do not select themes from the list Basic (simplified) themes and themes with high contrast . When choosing a topic from this list, most of the load on drawing windows in Windows will be processed by the processor, not by the video card. To optimize the Aero theme, see “Turning off Windows visual effects” below.  
On computers with a video card without support from DirectX ? you can choose any of the themes offered by Windows.  
After changing the theme, it is advisable to restart the computer. [b]  
3r333338. [b]  
[b]  
Turn off the visual effects of Windows

Win + R and 3r34547. SystemPropertiesAdvanced
in the window The speed button. Parameters . A window will open. The performance parameters 3r334484. and in it the tab "Visual Effects".  
On computers with a weak processor and a video card that supports DirectX? it is not advisable to disable two parameters [b] Enabling desktop composition
3r334484. and /or 3r34834. Using the display styles of windows and buttons 3r334484. . If you turn them off, in the first case, the Aero theme will remain, but some functions of the video card will stop working, and in the second case, the Aero theme will switch to a simplified theme. By disabling either of these two parameters, most of the load on drawing windows in Windows will be processed by the processor, not by the video card. As a result, the processor can not cope even with simple tasks, it is possible that the effect of “ragged” window dragging on the desktop will appear and the effect of “Tearing” will be noticeable when watching videos in the browser (in dynamic scenes, horizontal image breaks will be visible). For example, here is here 3r34584. one can see all these phenomena. "
 
On computers with video cards up to DirectX ? at least all the checkboxes can be removed, since Aero effects will not work anyway.  
[b]  
[b]  
Enable or disable Windows components

You can disable unused components of Windows 7 from the Windows Components settings window.  
To display and change the parameters of the components, it is necessary that the service 3r334483. [b] Windows Installer
3r334484. was included. After the changes are made and the computer is restarted, this service can be turned back off if it has been disabled before.  
[b] Win
+ R and 3r34547. OptionalFeatures
The Windows Components window opens.  
Remove daws from those components that you do not use and that you do not need.  
[b]  
[b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] Internet Explorer 8
3r334484.  
Disable if you do not need to run this built-in Windows browser. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] Windows Search
3r334484.  
This component adds a search bar to the Start menu and open folder windows. If you do not use these search panels, disable. [b]  
[b]  
3r3185. [b]  
[b]  
3r34190. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] Games
3r334484.  
Disable if you do not play them. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] Components for working with multimedia
3r334484.  
Includes "DVD Studio Windows", "Windows Media Center" and "Windows Media Player". [b]  
It is possible to disconnect as everyone separately, and all together if you do not use them. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] Tablet PC components
3r334484.  
Disconnect if the computer does not have a touch screen. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] Windows
gadget platform. 3r334484. 3r34051. *
3r34053. *
3r34055. *
 
Allows users to display desktop gadgets. [b]  
Microsoft 3r34061. discontinued support
gadgets due to found serious vulnerabilities. If you do not use them, as well as for security reasons, you can disable this component. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] XPS Services
 
XPS Viewer
3r334484. 3r34073. *
3r34075. *
 
The XML Paper Specification (XPS) is a document format that you can use to view, save, sign, and protect the contents of a document. An XPS document is like an electronic sheet of paper. You cannot change the contents of a sheet after printing, nor can you change the contents of an XPS document after saving it in XPS format. In the Windows 7 operating system, you can create an XPS document in any program that has the ability to print, but you can only view, sign and set permissions for XPS documents using the XPS viewer. An XPS document is any file saved in the XML Paper Specification (XPS) format. [b]  
[b]  
It is used mainly in the networks of enterprises. On a home multimedia computer, these components can be disabled. But, if suddenly sometime, you need to open a document in this format, turn them back on. And if in doubt, do not turn off these components. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] Print and Document Services 3r34555. 3r334484. [b]  
By default, it includes "Internet Printing Client" and "Windows Fax and Scan." [b]  
You can disable these components if you or your network do not have printers, faxes or scanners. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] Remote differential compression
3r334484. 3r? 34103. *
 
Calculates and transfers differences between two objects in a network, minimizing the amount of data transferred. [b]  
This component can be used in local networks of enterprises. On your home PC, you can turn it off. [b]  
[b]  
[b]  
Prevent the execution of data DEP

Data execution prevention ( DEP ) Is a set of software and hardware technologies that allow you to perform additional checks on the contents of the memory and prevent the launch of malicious program code.  
[b]  
Processors with Intel 775 and AMD 754 sockets have hardware support. If the processor does not have hardware support for DEP, Windows includes software support for DEP. [b]  
On computers with processors without hardware support for DEP, this is written in the appropriate window. Which is on the way [b] Win
+ R and 3r34547. SystemPropertiesAdvanced
in the window The speed button. Parameters . A window will open. The performance parameters 3r334484. and there is a tab “Prevent data execution”.  
If you have the same as in the screenshot (without hardware support), to the detriment of security for a little more computer performance, you can disable DEP. [b]  
3r314147. [b]  
[b]  
Disable DEP:
 
[i] Start → All programs → Folder standard
 
Find the “Command Prompt”, right-click on it and select “Run as administrator” 3r34577.  
[b]  
3r316162. [b]  
[b]  
In the window that opens, paste the command [b] bcdedit.exe /set {current} nx AlwaysOff
and press Enter . After this, the message “Operation completed successfully” should appear.  
[b]  
Indexing disk for quick search

If you do not use the search bars in the Start menu and in the open folder windows, 3r34577.  
 
3r3185. [b]  
[b]  
3r34190. [b]  
[b]  
then in the properties of Local drives, uncheck [b] Allow indexing of the contents of files on this disk in addition to the properties of the file
. This will speed up the work of disks. You can leave the checkbox on those disks where you periodically search for files using the search panels.  
[b]  
3r334201. [b]  
[b]  
Support Center 3r34555.
[b] Win
+ R and 3r34547. wscui.cpl
 
In the “Service” spoiler, click on the link [i] Parameters
 
 
[b]  
In the Problem Report Options window, select 3r334483. [b] Do not check for new solutions
3r334484. . You can set this parameter for all users if only one user account is created on the computer.  
[b]  
[b]  
[b]  
User Account Control Options

Win + R and 3r34547. UserAccountControlSettings
 
If you get annoyed with constant pop-ups before running or installing programs, you can disable this protective Windows feature by setting the lever to the “Never Notify” position 3r34577.  
 
3r334262. [b]  
[b]  
Setting folder parameters 3r34555.
[b] Win
+ R and 3r34547. control folders 3r34555. tab "View".  
By setting the daw on [i] [b] Always display icons, not thumbnails
3r334484. , unload the RAM for a couple of megabytes.  
[b]  
3r334289. [b]  
[b]  
Configure the network card and connection

Win + R and 3r34547. ncpa.cpl
then right-click on the “Local Area Connection” label, select 3r34547. Properties
. In the opened window, in the list Marked components are used by this connection remove daws from those components that you do not need:
 
 
Client for Microsoft networks 3r334484. 3r34320. *
3r332342. *
- Allows this computer to access resources on the Microsoft network.  
If there is no shared LAN with other computers, or access to them is denied, you can disable and /or remove this component. Torrents and other file sharing programs will still work. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] QoS Packet Scheduler
3r334484. 3r33334. *
3r333336. *
- Scheduler Packages Quality of Service (QoS). This component provides network traffic control, including transmission speed and priority services.  
QoS is used in local networks. On your home computer, if you don’t watch the IP-TV provided by your ISP, you can remove this component. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] Microsoft 3r34555 file and printer access service. 3r334484. - Allows other computers to access resources on this computer using the Microsoft network. [b]  
If there is no local network with other computers, or do not open access to your resources for them (folders, printers, etc.), you can disable and /or remove this component. [b]  
[b]  
[i] [b] Reliable Multicast Protocol (RMP)
3r334484. 3r33534. *
3r34360. *
- Reliable Multicast Protocol (RMP). Implementing a PGM (Pragmatic General Multicast) protocol that improves the reliability of applications using multicast data.  
These protocols are used in local networks of enterprises; on a home computer, this component can be disabled and /or deleted. [b]  
[b]  
[b] [i] Internet Protocol Version 6 (TCP /IPv6)
3r3r4372. *
 
If your provider does not assign an IPv6 version IP address to your computer, only IPv? or there is IPv? but you are not actually using it, you can disable its support.  
[b]  
[i] [b] The driver in /in topology of the channel level
3r334484. 3r34384. *
 
[i] [b] Responder discovery of the link layer topology
3r334484.  
Used to detect their own and other computers, devices and network infrastructure components in the network. And also to determine the network bandwidth. [b]  
For an ordinary home user, this information is useless; you can disable and /or remove these components. [b]  
[b]  
3r34400. [b]  
[b]  
In the same window above in [i] [b] Connection via: 3r34555. 3r334484. Click [b] Customize
.  
A window will open with something like this in the tab [b] [i] Optional
 
[b]  
3r34421. [b]  
[b]  
Find in “Property:” [i] [b] Flow Control
3r334484. or in Russian [b] Flow control
3r334484. and set its value to Disable .  
[b]  
I also recommend to rewrite the other parameters in the list, find their description and set them to the desired value. [b]  
[b]  
Remote Assistant

Win + R and 3r34547. SystemPropertiesRemote
 
If you are able to set up your computer yourself, or help setting up a computer is carried out by a person who is directly sitting at your computer, and not remotely, uncheck [i] Allow remote assistance to connect to this computer 3r334484.  
[b]  
3r34466. [b]  
[b]  
Displays a list of operating systems before loading Windows

Win + R and 3r34547. SystemPropertiesAdvanced
in the window [i] Download and restore
button. Parameters .  
You can disable the operating system selection function before loading Windows 7 if you have one. [b]  
[b]  
3r34493. [b]  
[b]  
Defragmenting and optimizing disk files

3r35034. Defragmenting
and file optimization is necessary to complete after full configuration of Windows and all installed programs. That is, this is the last thing that is done to optimize a computer. On SSD drives, defragmentation is not necessary.  
[b]  
One of the most popular defragmenters is Auslogics Disk Defrag Free can defrag them. After defragmentation, if drive C is not constantly clogged during operation with new programs or files, you can delete the defragmenter program and re-defragment it in half a year - a year. [b]  
[b]  
[b]  
[b]  

BIOS Setup

[b]  
In many cases, setting the correct BIOS can give a small overall increase in computer performance. This is due, as a rule, to the peculiarities of BIOS firmware for different motherboards. For example, by default, the default BIOS settings may prescribe the values ​​of low operating frequencies, the modes that are supported by Windows 7 are disabled.
 
[b]  
Do not be lazy to rewrite all your BIOS settings to a paper sheet. Then look in Google or Yandex for what they are intended and what values ​​can take. It is advisable to disable in the BIOS those ports and interfaces to which nothing is connected or which you do not use, for example, Floppy, IDE, SATA drives, as well as COM and other ports. If any settings are not clear to you, do not change them. [b]  
[b]  

Hardware Tips

[b]  
Power supply

The most important detail in the computer. A bad power supply can kill the motherboard and all that is inserted into it. Since your computer and the power supply installed in it are probably not new, I recommend getting the power supply unit out of the case and look at the electrolytic capacitors for swelling. If there are such, it is necessary to replace them with similar with the same capacity and the same voltage . New capacitors must necessarily be series Low ESR (sometimes they are called “low impedance” or “computerized” on the radio market).
 
Motherboard

As with the power supply, an initial visual inspection is required. Found swollen capacitors are changed to the same (capacity, voltage, Low ESR). A battery tablet, provided that you do not have a voltmeter to measure its voltage, changes to a new one. [b]  
[b]  
If the motherboard supports dual-channel RAM, if possible, install memory bars in the slots so that this mode works. [b]  
[b]  
[b]  
Finally. [b]  
[b]  
The article is written as instructions for use for users who do not have extensive computer knowledge. The text describing the settings deliberately simplified to understand them. “Wow” effect after the implementation of all the above recommendations is possible only under the condition that the PC was in a severely neglected state. If you plan to use the article in the future, you can save not its full, but its mobile version without comments https://m.habr.com/post/424019/ [b]  
[b]  
Thanks to users with forum.mozilla-russia.org and 3r34581. forum.ru-board.com
, as well as the site http://www.our-firefox.ru/ who helped me on many incomprehensible issues when writing an article.
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