Simple Solder MK936 SMD. Soldering station on SMD-components with their own hands

In this article we want to introduce you to the project of a soldering station, which everyone can assemble with his own hands.
 
 
It is a soldering iron with a unit for setting and adjusting the temperature. In the article you will find schemes, board drawings, firmware for the microcontroller, as well as recommendations for assembly and configuration.
 
 
Gathering it, you get experience working with SMD components and, of course, a useful device.
 
 
Simple Solder MK936 SMD. Soldering station on SMD-components with their own hands  
here . On it only the positional notations of the elements and the pin numbers of the microcontroller differ. In fact, everything is done on the microcontroller Atmega? to which a seven-segment indicator, an encoder, a heater via a key and a thermocouple signal amplified by an operational amplifier are connected.
 
 

List of components


 
The following components and materials are required for assembly of the printed circuit board and housing:
 
 
 
BQ1. Encoder EC12E24204A8
 
C5. Condenser tantalum 35V, 10μF, size C
 
C1-C? C7-C9. Ceramic capacitors 0.1μF in the housing 0805
 
C6. Condenser tantalum 16V, 22μF, size C
 
DD1. Microcontroller ATmega8A-AU in the case of TQFP32
 
DA1. Stabilizer L7805ACD2T-TR at 5V in the case of D2PAK
 
DA2. The operational amplifier LM358ADT in the case SO8
 
HG1. Seven-segment three-digit indicator with a common cathode BC56-12GWA. Also on the board is a seat for a cheap analogue .
 
HL1. Any indicator LED for a current of 20mA with a pitch of leads of ???mm
 
R? R6. Resistors 300 Ohm, housing 0805 - 2pcs
 
R? R7-R20. Resistors 1kOhm, housing 0805 - 15pcs
 
R3. Resistor 100kOhm, housing 0805
 
R5. Resistor 1MOhm, housing 0805
 
R2. The resistor is a tuning 3296W 100 kOhm
 
VT1. Field effect transistor IRF3205SPBF in the case D2PAK
 
VT2-VT4. Transistors BC547BTA in the housing SOT323 - 3pcs
 
XS2. Terminal for two contacts with a pitch of terminals ?08mm
 
XS1. Terminal for two contacts with lead pitch ???mm
 
XS3. Terminal for three contacts with lead pitch ???mm
 
XS4. Programming connector PLS-06
 
Connector for connecting a soldering iron
 
Power switch SWR-45 B-W (13-KN1-1)
 
Soldering iron . We will write more about it later
 
Details of plexiglas for the case (links to files for cutting plexiglass at the end of the article)
 
Encoder handle. You can buy it, or you can print it on a 3D printer. The file for downloading the model at the end of article
 
Racks. They can also be printed, but you can use ordinary bushings with a hole of 3mm and a height of 10mm
 
Screw M3x60 - 4pcs
 
Nut M3 - 8pcs
 
Washer M3 - 4pcs
 
Washer M3 increased - 8pcs
 
M3 washer washer - 8pcs
 
Also, for assembly, you will need mounting wires, screeds and a heat shrink tube
 
 
 
That's what the set of all the details looks like:
 
 
 
 

Mounting of the printed circuit board


 
When assembling it is convenient to use assembly drawings:
 
 
 
 
 
 
You need to start with the installation of SMD components. Install the elements on the boards according to the list of elements. When installing the elements, it is important to monitor the orientation of the tantalum capacitors and the operational amplifier. The first output of DA2 is determined by the bevel on the body.
 
 
If everything is assembled correctly, then the board should look like
 
 
 
 
Note that we used 1kΩ resistors without marking.
 
Next, you need to install the output elements on the board in accordance with the list of elements. The long LED output is a plus. Seven segment indicator is set "points" down.
 
 
This is what the front side of the printing chamber looks like:
 
 
 
 

Assembly of the case and volumetric mounting


 
Connection of power and soldering iron is made according to the following scheme:
 
 
 
 
Before assembling the case, it is necessary to prepare a switch and a connector. The switch must be connected to the break of the red wire so that on one contact of the switch there is a short section of the red thick wire, and on the second one it is long.
 
 
To the first and fifth contacts of the soldering iron connector you need to connect short red wires, and to the others black.
 
 
On the switch and the connector it is necessary to put heat-shrinkable tubes and zaludit all free ends of the wires, so that later they would be more convenient to screw them into the terminals.
 
 
Next, install the switch and the soldering iron connector on the front panel. Note that the switch can be installed tightly and it may be necessary to refine the notch under it.
 
 
Then connect the first pin of the connector to the first contact of the board, the second to the second one, and so on. in accordance with the above picture. To the positive power supply on the board, you must connect a red short wire from the switch, and to the negative black wire.
 
 
 
 

Firmware of the microcontroller and the first switching on


 
In the upper left corner of the board is a standard ISP-connector for flashing AVR-microcontrollers.
 
 
 
 
You can flash the microcontroller with any available programmer, for example USBasp. If the programmer is feeding itself, it supplies power to 5V, then it is not necessary to connect an external one. You can also find the firmware file at the end of the article.
 
 
Configuration bits! You need to enable CKSEL? CKSEL? CKSEL? SUT? BOOTSZ? BOOTSZ1 and SPIEN! That is, you need to change the default settings to run the controller at a clock speed of 2MHz.
 
 
Now you can connect the soldering iron and supply the input supply voltage (from 12 to 24V). After switching on the soldering iron should begin to heat up, and the temperature readings on the indicator increase. When the encoder shaft rotates, the value of the desired temperature should change.
 
 

Completion of the assembly


 
Now you can screw the card to the front panel. It is allowed to use usual racks of 10mm height, but we have prepared special racks providing better fixing of the board. The model for 3D printing can also be found at the end of the article.
 
 
 
 
The side walls are installed without any fasteners. Now it remains only to insert the back cover into the grooves, tighten the nuts, pull the wires for power through the hole and secure them with the cable clamps. Remember that the details of plexiglas are fragile enough and do not over tighten the fasteners!
 
 
 
 

Calibration


 
To accurately adjust the temperature, a trimmer is used. In the front panel there is a special hole for access to it.
 
 
 
 
When calibrating in the first place, it is necessary to bring the sting to the temperature at which the solder melts. You can simply install an extremely high temperature with an encoder. Then, having typed a ball of solder on the sting, it is required to warm up the thermocouple to them. There are special measuring instruments for such purposes, but an ordinary multimeter with a thermocouple is also suitable. Further, by rotating the trimmer shaft, ensure that the measured value coincides with the external thermocouple reading.
 
 
During calibration, remember that the more time you give the soldering iron to stabilize the temperature, the more accurately you can eventually adjust it. Also note that the tuning resistor is multi-turn and one revolution changes the temperature very slightly. That is, it is necessary to twist it and it is a lot of.
 
 

Video


 
We also prepared a video-instruction:
 
 

 
 

References


 
Direct links to all the necessary files for downloading can be found at the main page of the project .
 
 
This device also has a version on a one-way board using only output components. You can find it here
 
 
Once again, I want to emphasize that we provide all the necessary and very detailed information for the self-manufacturing of this device, and additionally provide the opportunity to purchase it in the form of a set (
? one
?
? two
,
? three
).
 
 
P.S .: and we are also preparing a hair dryer) Thank you for your interest in our activities!
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Comments 1

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Karson
Karson 19 July 2018 17:53
I learn lots of new things from this platform and the best part is you explain through videos. The essay on-time service also doing the same and they give us lectures in the form of videos.

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