International Energy Agency: wind energy will prevail in Europe by 2027
This week, the executive director of the International Energy Agency told about the forecast of the organization's experts at the Global Wind Summit. According to the forecast, the wind by 2027 will become the main source of energy in Europe.
At the moment about a quarter of the energy that European countries receive comes from nuclear power plants, and another 20% are supplied by TPPs operating on coal and gas. As for the wind, this source supplies only 10% of the total energy consumed in Europe.
the will change significantly. . 23% of the energy will be generated by wind farms, biogas plants will produce volumes of this energy source that will generate about 20% of the total energy. Another 20% will be produced at TPPs, where they will continue to burn methane, 20% will provide nuclear power plants and another 10% - "dirty" thermal power plants on coal. As for solar energy, its share will increase to about 6-7%.
The wind will play such an important role because it is one of the most accessible resources, especially on the coast. The EU has an excellent opportunity to receive "green" energy, gradually refusing to pollute the nature of the sources. In 2017 in Europe was produced. about ??? MW of energy with the help of wind power plants. If you believe the forecasts, by 2040 this figure will increase to 200 MW.
So far, however, it is unclear how the UK's exit from the European Union will affect the overall picture (if, of course, it does take place). The fact is that now the UK is one of the main suppliers of "green" energy to Euro-Asia. In addition, a number of ambitious projects are planned to be implemented in the North Sea.
In addition to electricity, the countries of Europe will be able to produce and a large amount of hydrogen, which is needed for industry. To get it, you need a lot of electricity, with which the electrolysis of water is carried out. If there is really a lot of energy (meaning green energy), and it will become cheaper, hydrogen can be obtained almost in unlimited quantities.
True, even if this scenario is being implemented, another problem will remain relevant: pollution of the environment by road transport. By 202? a lot of cars will run on gasoline or diesel fuel, electric vehicles though will spread, but will not play a major role in the transport sector. Perhaps part of the vehicles will work on hydrogen, provided that it will be a lot, and the cost of production of the most common element in the universe will fall.
In principle, everything goes to that. For example, Germany last week launched a hydrogen train that does not damage the environment. The manufacturer of trains of this type declares that soon several hydrogen compounds will be added to the rails.
The problems of green energy, in particular wind and solar, are that some countries do not have enough wind or insolation levels. In addition, in some regions there are long periods when there is practically no wind or sun. All this leads to the fact that one can not emphasize the "green" energy for the time being, since the energy infrastructure should be evenly loaded. If you focus on wind and solar energy, you will have to take care of the stability of the infrastructure at a time when the wind subsides, and the sun often disappears behind the clouds or the duration of the daylight falls dramatically.
Whatever it was, but humanity has already created technology that can deal with changes in energy intake and consumption change. There are various ways to solve the problem, which are gradually realized. In Australia, for example, built a huge battery station, which has already saved the government of the state many millions of dollars.
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