Telescope beyond reasonable

 3r33333. 3r3-31. 3r31-10. Personally, I came to the conclusion that the James Webb telescope carries too many inventions, too many risks and is a project beyond reason. 3r3111. - these are straight words r3r3147. Tom Young, head of the independent control commission, at a meeting of the Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics of the Space Research Council of the United States National Academy of Sciences on October 29. However, he immediately clarified that he was not an opponent of the telescope and had no doubt that the project could be completed successfully. Indeed, the state of affairs causes controversial feelings - on the one hand, this is an interesting project that should give science new opportunities, on the other hand, exceeding deadlines and costs have reached truly astronomical magnitudes. In general, the history of the project makes you think about the timeliness of technology implementation and the criteria when it is better to stop. Well, and finally, the lessons of “James Webb” are categorically necessary to learn, starting a much larger project of the near-moon orbital station.
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 3r33333. Telescope beyond reasonable  3r33333. 3r31-10. Photo by NASA /Desiree Stover [/i]
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 3r33333. 3r3116. Committees of the commissions of councils 3r3r117.
 3r33333. To make Young's comment more understandable, it is worth explaining the context. In 201? when the project of the telescope “James Webb” once again violated the previously announced deadlines and cost, Senator Barbara Mikulski demanded an independent monitoring commission. According to the results of its work, NASA restructured the project and assured the US Congress that the cost would not exceed $ 8 billion, and the telescope would be launched no later than autumn 2018. But in the fall of 201? the dates moved to 201? and in the spring of 2018 to 2020. NASA, without waiting for senatorial rage , gathered a new independent commission on its own. It included authoritative aerospace experts, and Tom Young, who worked at Lockheed Martin, became the head.
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 3r33333.  3r33333. 3r31-10. Tom Young, photo by NASA /Bill Ingals [/i]
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 3r33333. The commission completed its work in May 2018 and the 31st submitted a report. In it, based on estimates of the complexity and timing of the project in the context of various 3r-338. delays, problems and accidents 3r3147. , recommended setting a launch date for March 2021. The result would be an excess of the 8 billion ceiling set by Congress. The report also made 32 recommendations for improving processes.
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 3r33333. Now we are transported to autumn 2018. On October 2? a meeting of the Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics of the Space Research Council of the United States Academy of Sciences was held. No wonder Tom Young performed on it. Portal SpaceNews
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His words: 3r3126.  3r33333.
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3r31-10. There are people who support JWST at all costs, and there are those who support it, but are outraged by the increase in time and cost. I believe that the project will not be closed, and the political process will not do anything wrong with the telescope. 3r3111.
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 3r33333. He also added that he did not exclude "collateral damage" to other NASA programs, but did not predict concrete solutions. Explanation: Now the question of delaying or canceling the WFIRST infrared telescope is being decided at NASA and the US administration in order to transfer money to JWST.
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3r31-10. I know that now we are starting projects, in comparison with which “James Webb” will look small. And these missions must take into account the experience of JWST. I think that the next decade will have to break the head over this problem. 3r3111.
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 3r33333. Young also spoke about the difficulties of convincing NASA of the validity of the recommendations. It took a lot of effort to prove that NASA can and should control the preparation for the flight of the European Ariane 5 rocket, on which the telescope should be launched. Initially, NASA claimed that this was impossible, but representatives of the commission were able to eventually convince the agency.
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3r31-10. If this program did not have high scientific potential and would not deal with issues of US leadership, I think it would be closed. 3r3111.
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 3r33333. 3r3116. Outstanding nightmare
 3r33333. Originally, the James Webb telescope was supposed to cost $ 500 million and go into space in 2007. But the initial cost estimates have increased 19 times, and the dates have gone down by 14 years.
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 3r33333.  3r33333. 3r31-10. Illustration of Grant Tremblay [/i]
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 3r33333. It is quite expected that now it is a pity to throw away the billions of dollars already spent, so James Webb will be launched and, I hope, will become an excellent telescope. But his brethren from the large NASA strategic space missions are showing far greater successes. For example, launched this year, the Parker Solar Probe cost just a half billion. But smaller-caliber missions with small budgets look great against the background of “James Webb” - recently started working in orbit and having already found the first exoplanets TESS cost 200 million, while saving 40 and completed two months earlier than planned. Simple mathematics says that the cost of JWST could be run almost 50 vehicles with a budget TESS, six analogues Parker Solar Probe or 3 analogs of the rover "Curvature." And I suspect that there would be more scientific benefits in this case.
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 3r33333. A separate sad humor lies in the fact that the analysis of the postponement gives a start date in 2026. The calculation is, of course, not serious, but in the area of ​​2021 it is worth remembering about it.
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 3r33333.  3r33333. 3r31-10. Illustration by Corey S. Powell [/i]
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 3r33333. 3r3116. Final reflections
 3r33333. The sad story of James Webb leads to several conclusions: 3r3-3126.  3r33333.
 3r33333. Technological jumps are best done on relatively cheap test devices. NASA had an excellent experience with the Deep Space 1 probe, which tested twelve new technologies that were later successfully used in subsequent missions. The probe cost, by the way, only two hundred and a few million dollars at today's prices. The European Space Agency has a good example - the success of LISA Pathfinder. This device shows the ability to create a space detector of gravitational waves from several satellites, and the fact that their design will not differ much from the already operating device, improves the accuracy of estimating the timing and cost of the project. Yes, of course, there may be an objection that there will be no special sense from “mini-JWST”, but this is a matter of designing the device and inventing tasks for it. Practice is the criterion of truth, and only the successful implementation of the technology shows its real readiness and value.
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 3r33333. A smooth and imperceptible increase in the cost and timing of a project can go very far, and you need to have clear criteria for when the situation goes over the edge. This advice, by the way, is universal, especially since the human psyche contains irrational avoidance of losses (remember 3-33128. Max Bazerman’s experiment 3-33147. With a twenty-dollar bill at auction). Specifically, in the case of “James Webb” in 2010-1? the cost is 3-333130. smoothly grew
from 5 to 6.? and then to 8 billion. And by that time, had time. spend about 3 billion, which, of course, was very sorry to throw out. Until 201? a fork with an audit and a chance to close the project is not visible. 3r3133. NASA Document 3r3147. 2006 gives an estimate of the value of 3.3 billion, less than that of Hubble, and now it looks like a very graphic illustration.
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3r33333. 3r33333. 3r3145. Only registered users can participate in the survey. 3r3146. Sign in 3r3147. , you are welcome. 3r3148. 3r33333. 3r33333.
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Do you think it was worth closing the JWST project in 2011?
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3r33333. 3r3167. 3r33333. 3r33333. 3r33232. 3r33333.
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Yes
3r33333. 3r33232. 3r33333. 3r33333. 3r3302. 3r33333.
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No
3r33333. 3r33232. 3r33333. 3r33333. 3r3302. 3r33333. 3r3304. 3r33333. 3r33333. 3r3307. 3r33333.
3r33333. 3r33311. No one has voted yet. There are no abstentions.
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What do you think, in which year will launch JWST?
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3r33333. 3r33333. 3r33232. 3r33333.
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2021
3r33333. 3r33232. 3r33333. 3r33333. 3r3302. 3r33333.
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2022
3r33333. 3r33232. 3r33333. 3r33333. 3r3302. 3r33333.
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3r33333. 3r3333318.
2023-2025
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2025-2030
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Never
3r33333. 3r33232. 3r33333. 3r33333. 3r3302. 3r33333. 3r3304. 3r33333. 3r33333. 3r3307. 3r33333.
3r33333. 3r33311. No one has voted yet. There are no abstentions.
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