Chang'e-4 - the mission to the far side of the moon starts today
3r3-31. Tonight, at about 20:00 (according to other information 21:30) in Moscow, China will launch the Chang'e-4 automatic station to the Moon. If everything goes well, then this will be the first ever soft landing on the far side of the Moon, and China will be the first nation who managed to land the device on the side of its natural satellite invisible from Earth.
the 1965 film "The Moon" in which modern, at the time of the film, visions of the Moon and the future of its research and development are visualized.
Hopes that the Moon will become an extraterrestrial observatory destroyed the research of the Soviet lunar rover. It turned out that the moon has a high illumination from the dust discharged by micrometeorites.
But for radio astronomy, the moon is still promising. The far side of the moon is free from interference from the ionosphere of our planet, radio interference from transmitters and equipment, and noise from auroral radiation. Radio emission from the Sun is also absent on a moonlit night.
All this should be confirmed or refuted by joint low-frequency radio astronomical observations of the moon rover and the Queqiao satellite transponder equipped with the Low-Frequency Explorer tool (NCLE).
The Chang'e-4 landing platform is equipped with a Landing Camera (LCAM), a Terrain Camera (TCAM), a low-frequency spectrometer (LFS) and a Lunar Lander Neutrons and Dosimetry (LND. 3r390).
The lunar rover also has four instruments: a panoramic camera (PCAM), a Lunar Penetrating Radar (LPR), a visible and near infrared light spectrometer (VNIS), and an Advanced Small Analyzer for Neutrals (ASAN).
LFS is a new tool, the rest are inherited from the previous mission.
The LPR instrument will probably be able to investigate the structure of the surface on the route of the moon rover and determine the thickness and structure of the lunar regolith.
There will also be a biological experiment. Chang'e-4 will carry a container containing potato seeds and Rezuhovidki . Perhaps the container will contain silkworm eggs.
This lunar mini-biosphere experiment was developed by 28 Chinese universities headed by Chongqing University in southwest China. The cylindrical container, made of special aluminum alloy, weighs 3 kilograms.