(Не) moving to Moldova
Photographer Andrei Benimetsky
I think no one will be surprised that there are a lot of articles on the Internet and Habr in particular about the successful (or not) relocation from the CIS countries to the EU countries, the USA, Asia, etc. Some articles are useful, others are not very, but even if the authors do not talk much about everyday affairs, there is no reason to rejoice over them. I, alas, did not have to move to a significant time in any "popular" country from the point of view of emigration, but the desire to write something from it does not become less. Almost two years ago I wrote article about the move to Russia , now I would like to write about a hypothetical transfer to a country that I know better and which is rarely mentioned in the Runet (especially in the context of emigration), and on the Habré, it is only fleeting.
In the country the only airport is located near the capital - Chisinau International Airport. In the capital and large cities, public transport is represented by buses, trolleybuses and minibuses, there is a taxi. You can get to the villages and district centers with the help of fixed-route taxis, the cost per route is 80 km about $ 2. The same distance on the train will cost $ ? with wi-fi, but for half an hour longer the road.
Free of charge only the ambulance, for everything else there are paid clinics and a compulsory medical insurance policy. insurance. The policy must have all citizens and foreigners in the extension of the RWP. The cost of the policy for a year is $ 24? if you buy a discount of 50% ($ 120) until March 3? the owners of agricultural plots pay $ 60. Free policy is given to children under 18 years of age, pensioners, unemployed (consisting of labor exchange), pregnant women (including 43 days after the birth of the child), mothers of disabled children, large families, university students, colleges and vocational schools. The coverage of the policy is quite extensive and includes most types of medical services, there are discounts in pharmacies. Dentistry is included.
As a matter of fact: you can get something for free on the policy, but it will not be fast - waiting lists for examinations and tests start from a week to months. To pay extra for much is needed, corruption in honey. institutions blooms and smells, the quality of services - from normal to terrible. Many hospitals are in terrible condition, there is a shortage of medicines and equipment.
from 45 to 220 $
Consultation of the therapist
from 12 to 20 $
Consultation of the dentist
from 12 to 20 $
from 12 to 45 $
There are many pharmacies, the assortment is rich: mainly imports from Ukraine, Russia and the EU. The prices for some goods are slightly lower or higher than the prices in Russia and Ukraine, sometimes they are fewer times. Prescription drugs can be given without a problem without a prescription, forgery and counterfeiting are quite rare.
In Moldova, the school lasts 12 years, the rating system is ten-point. Most of the schools are free public, there are a few private schools, mostly in the capital and large cities. In the ninth grade exams are taken, after which you can enter the lyceum, vocational school or college. After the twelfth grade, an exam is taken, called a bachelor, but has nothing to do with the bachelor's degree at the university. According to the results of the examination and annual assessments, they enter universities on a budgetary or commercial basis. There are several universities in the capital and in large cities, schools - in all cities and some villages.
As a matter of fact: The quality of education is that of school, that the university is secondary. Insufficient equipment, prestigiousness of local universities is compensated by a relatively small price of training. It is more difficult and more expensive to get into law and government. control.
Bureaucracy and corruption
Corruption - one of the main troubles of the country throughout its existence since the collapse of the USSR. With scanty salaries and small prospects, it's easy to see expensive cars on the streets of cities, and rich houses in the villages. Unclean hands are enriched in different ways, one of the most popular ways - the cutting of loans and grants from the EU, illegal logging and sale of timber. Through the banking system of the country not so long ago, money from Russia was laundered on an industrial scale (3-33441. More
). In 201? $ 1 billion was stolen from the accounts of three banks in the country - the money was withdrawn offshore, the damage amounted to 12% of the country's GDP, the former prime minister was convicted, andabout other participants and the main organizer - at large (
). Despite the statements of the authorities on the fight against corruption, this end and the edge is not visible.
However, in my opinion, there is a significant progress in the fight against corruption in the registry offices and all that concerns the issue of documents. Instead of catching bribe-takers and wishing to obtain a certificate or document by bypass, the state allows for the speed up the issuance of almost any documents for money quite officially. For example, you can get a foreign passport for 30 days ($ 50), 15 days ($ 63), 10 days ($ 76), 5 days ($ 88), 1 day ($ 100), 6 hours ($ 126), 3 hours ($ 151), 1 hour ($ 177), and so almost with all the documents.
There is a local analogue of the State Service, which allows you to apply for certain documents or services online. There are several ways to authorize:
mobile signature - the application is signed by SMS code. Before this, you need to contact a mobile operator with an identity card and receive a special SIM card
electronic identity card - a regular passport with a chip and certificates for authentication, identification and signature
Banks and taxes
The banking system is moderately developed and is represented by several banks: Moldindconbank, Victoriabank, Agroindbank and others. Each bank has its own tariffs and commissions, there are mobile applications. Restrictions on transfers are few: for example, you can easily transfer money from a dollar card to a foreign bank card. There are many ATMs in the cities, a rarity in the villages. Quite often they issue not only the national currency, but also dollars from the euro. Payment by card is not accepted everywhere, in villages except in pharmacies.
The standard VAT rate is 20%, deductions to the social insurance budget - 23% (it is proposed to reduce to 18%). With income tax is slightly more complicated:
up to $ 670 per year - personal exemption, tax is not paid
from 670 to 1950 $ per year - tax - 7%
from 1950 $ - tax - 18%
However, starting October 1 this year, they plan to introduce a single rate of 12%, which everyone will pay, and they do not want to raise the taxable amount to $ ?430.
In addition to the typical stratification of society for the poor, the middle class and the oligarchy, for many years the balance in the geopolitical preferences of citizens has remained in Moldova for many years: some want closer cooperation with the CIS and Russia, others want the EU, and supporters almost equally , in the presidential elections, the pro-Russian candidate scored ???%, the pro-European candidate - ???%). Because of the deplorable situation in the economy, many are sent to work either in the CIS or in the EU, respectively, they support those who favor rapprochement with the country in question. This has not once provoked a parliamentary crisis, when neither side could gather enough votes to make any decisions and early elections were scheduled.
The outflow of the population continues for more than a decade. If, prior to the visa-free regime with the EU, the bulk went to Russia and other CIS countries, now most of them eat in the EU, Turkey, Israel. A popular way of emigration is to obtain Romanian citizenship (which gives them the right to live and work on the territory of the EU), since any citizen of Moldova, whose parents /(grandparents) /(grand) grandmothers lived in the territory of the country until 1940 the modern Moldova and other lands were included again in the USSR). Around it blooms and smells of business offices dealing with collection and legalization of necessary documents can be considered forever. Popular bus services to Italy, Germany and other European countries, as well as "legal work in Poland with decent earnings."
Attractions and Leisure
Leisure can be spent in the capital as you like - cinema, opera, ballet, night clubs. Most of the sights are somehow connected with religion - mostly churches. There are prerevolutionary architecture, monuments, numerous parks. Of course, one of the main attractions - wine cellars Cricova (galleries at 120km underground, filled with wines). With wines in this country, a special fetish
What about IT?
IT is one of the few areas in the country that is not in deep decline. The government is trying to support this area, for example, by creating an IT park, whose residents pay a flat tax of 7% on sales, which replaces most of the other taxes. Salaries in IT with proper qualifications make it very comfortable to live in the capital and save considerable sums.
As a matter of fact: IT-park, as it turned out, did not really work: it was recently revealed that the residents took all or most of the taxes from which they were to be released. The lion's share of offers on the market from outsourcing companies that do not require serious qualification and do not involve professional development - you can rivet sites for the EU and the US for a conditional $ 500 to old age. The most popular specialties: frontend (AngularJS), Java-developer. Only operators /providers can afford to create services for the local market, the rest is unprofitable - the audience is small and with low purchasing power.
addition from @Greendq [/b]
The IT park allowed some companies to give quite high salaries completely in white. On average, the hospital places up to 4k bucks a month. Yes, top specialists, but there are.
As for what was required to pay taxes in full - it was with several companies and was the tyranny of some officials. And in places simply ignorance about the existence of the corresponding law. At the last meeting of the Prime Minister with representatives of IT-park this issue was raised, the perpetrators were already shot.
So just the same, it's very good IT-shnikov. But there is a nuance - since most companies are outsourcers - then from human languages, at least an English masthead. Some also ask French and Italian for German.
On the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika
One can not fail to mention the TMR - the Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, located in the east of Moldova. Some tourists who visited the TMR, call it a splinter of the USSR and will be even partially right. Sickle and hammer on the flag, the Supreme Council instead of parliament, the abundance of Soviet buildings create the feeling that here the USSR still exists. The state is not recognized by other UN member states, but recognized by Abkhazia, South Ossetia and the NKR. To move abroad, citizens of the DMR need to obtain a passport of Moldova, Ukraine or Russia (the benefit of getting them to the residents of the PMR can be quite easy), foreigners to get to the territory of the DMR - get a migration card and register with the police. The direction of foreign policy is the recognition of independence and accession to Russia (in accordance with the referendum). On the territory of the PMR is the Russian peacekeeping corps (introduced after the conflict between Moldova and the PMR), at the conclusion of which Moldova insists. In general, life here is not much different from life in Moldova - all signs are in Russian, utilities are cheaper, there are banks, Internet providers and cellular operators. Recently, residents of the DMR can get neutral car plates in Moldova, which will allow them to travel without problems to other countries on personal cars. Export does not interfere with the unrecognized status: for example, once (and maybe now) the popular wine brand "Bouquet of Moldova" - the production of PMR.
Instead of pins
Of course, this article is not an attempt to advertise another direction for emigration. Moving to Moldova from any country in the CIS does not make much sense: the local economy is developing poorly, the sores of the nineties are not completely cured, and the standard of living will be an order of magnitude lower than in any city-millionaire in Russia (and most of the cities with a smaller population). Lack of censorship, greater level of personal freedom, successful geographic location and natural landscapes do not compensate for the lack of decent medicine, professional perspectives and the presence of corruption. However, the absence of a migration barrier and relative cheapness will allow spending some time in comfort and get new impressions, especially if you do not get a local salary.
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