Keepers of the Internet
3r3161. [i] “Some people call us“ Plyushins ”- I like to say that we are archivists.” 3-333130. 3r3162.
Wayback Machine director Mark Graham outlined the scale of the beloved archive
[i] View the Wayback Machine at the Online News Association 2018 3r3-3303 conference.
Austin, Texas. No matter how much the subscriber services would like to convince you of this, but not everything can be found on Amazon or Netflix. Want, for example, read book Judges Brett Cavanaugh (or even their notorious yearbook )? Curious to see a bunch of vintage advertising posters with smoking ? How about viewing The largest collection of Tibetan Buddhist literature in the world is 3-333256. ? Today there is one place where you can do all this, and this is not Google or some pirated sites that you probably (often) visit.
3r3161. “I have a government video about, 3r340. how to wash your hands or prepare for a nuclear war Says Mark Graham, director of the Internet Archives Wayback Machine. "We could easily make a list of .ppt files on all sites with the domain .mil, Military Industrial PowerPoint Complex." 3r3162.
Graham recently spoke with several small groups of participants at the Online News Association 2018 conference, and Ars Technica was lucky to be part of one of them. Later, he made a full presentation of the conference, which is now Available in audio format. . And the basic idea is that the scale of the Internet Archive today can be as difficult to understand as the scale of the Internet itself.
Do not detect the 404 error while diving into the Wiki's “rabbit hole” (Graham recently told the BBC that the Wayback bots recovered almost six million pages lost due to link failures for the sake of it). Today, books published before 1923 can be downloaded for free via the Internet Archive, and you can later borrow a digital copy of many of these books
3r3161. Tweet translation:
Internet Archive: Over 9 million incorrect Wikipedia links fixed 3r375. blog.archive.org/2018/10/01/more-than-9-million-broken-links-on-wikipedia-are-now-rescued 3r-3256.
WikiResearch: So grateful for the extraordinary work that our friends do on @internetarchive to combat the 404 error and in the digital form they retain millions of links to sites and sources cited by Wikipedians because they create the world's largest encyclopedia. 3r3162.
Of course, these days the Internet Archive offers much more than just text. Its collection of news covers more than 1.6 million news programs with tools such as the ability to search for words in credits and access to the latest news (broadcasting is prohibited for 24 hours, and then provided to visitors in the form of two-minute passages with the ability to search). The growing audio and music content of the Internet Archive covers radio news, podcasting, and physical media (for example, a collection of 3r3822. 20?000 copies of 78'3-333256 years, recently donated by the Boston library). And, according to Ars, the organization can boast of 3r3384.
's extensive classic video game collection. which anyone can upload to a browser-based emulator for research or leisure. Officially, this section includes about 30?000 video games plus common program names, “so you can actually play Oregon Trail on an old Apple computer using your browser right now — no ads, no user tracking,” says Graham.
3r3161. “Some may call us hoppers /stuffy people,” he says. "I like to say that we are archivists." 3r3162.
In general, Graham says that four petabytes of information are added to the Internet Archive per year (these are four million gigabytes for context). The current data organizations are 22 petabytes, but the Internet Archive actually owns 44 petabytes. “Because we are paranoid,” Graham says. "Machines can fail, and we have a reputation." This is a credo. NASA helped a non-profit organization survive after the damage caused by fire, which was cost almost $ 60?000 - All this without loss of archived data.
[i] 3?000 input data? Not bad, and it seems that the Wayback Machine bots have certainly increased their attachment to Ars. 3r33130.
[i] With the help of the Wayback Machine, you can remember and think about how Ars hid the death of Steve Jobs back in October 2011. 3r33130.
[i] Hmm maybe I still have a chance to become Arsian /Arsianin to download the 1000th PDF file captured by the Internet Archive. 3r33130.
Universal access to knowledge (and to facts, to a huge amount of facts)
The overall concept of Internet Archive over the past 22 years has been simple: “Universal access to all knowledge” . In the Internet era, this means, of course, the introduction of a small army of bots, and Graham notes that in the Internet Archive there is always software that collects content. Approximately ?000 simultaneous processes cover the entire network in order to ultimately receive 1.5 billion different things per week. Some things, such as the Google or The New York Times home pages, can be viewed many times a day; others can be viewed less frequently.
3r3161. “We’re trying to get everything, but it’s difficult,” Graham notes. “Embeds, jаvascripts, interactive applications — we cannot get some of these materials, but we are working on it.” 3r3162.
The cache of things we are working on includes ephemeral media, such as Snapchat or public Telegram groups, and the Wayback Machine maintains local contacts in places where some media archives or servers may be at risk (recently Graham says partners in Egypt, for example).
The result of all this is that the Wayback Machine has evolved into something much more rewarding than just past fun trips to LiveJournals. Ars used it many times for different purposes, ranging from 3r3153. intercept changes in net neutrality Comcast
ending with the fact that Defense Distributed's organizational description evolved. And Graham points to the recent 3r3155. the controversy of 2018
when President Trump tweeted that Google does not promote good visibility for the United States of America on its homepage (as it was in the past). Before Google could respond to this, the company turned to the Internet Archive with a simple question - is there a copy?
3r3161. “I love Google, but their job is not to make copies of the home page every 10 minutes,” says Graham. "This is our job." 3r3162.
Graham shared information that the Wayback Machine actually captured 835 copies of the Google homepage in January 2018. “So we were able to help lift the records. We do not take sides, but we are for the truth. ”
The site played a similar role when the White House not so long ago was deleted all the archives of their newsletters , and a number of organizations (not only news organizations, but also environmental organizations or ACLUs) needed them. And the evidence is from the Wayback Machine were acceptable in court 3–3–3256. . “There are many things that happen in terms of time,” he adds. As a former vice president of NBC News (hence his desire to attend ONA, perhaps), Graham also proudly points out that the site is referenced about five times a day in the media.
Graham says that in order to improve the site, the Wayback Machine is working hard to improve its user tools. On the lower left side of the main page of the Wayback Machine you will find, for example,
public APIs . Graham points out that people use them to create things like 3r3r179. differentiator
where you can take two scans, put side by side and see the changes. Another tool created by the user, which caught his attention, allows you to look at the site and make 3r3181. radial tree graph to see how its structure changes with time 3r-3256. .
Although perhaps the easiest and most effective tool for everyone is the technology directly from the Wayback Machine - the site allows someone to manually send a link to the Internet Archive for archiving directly from their home page. “If I walk my cat in the garden, and I see the story in Google News, you can send it to print. But today you can also send it to the Internet Archive, ”says Graham. According to his estimates, the result could be about a million shots per week.
“We seek information in a really large network without deception,” he says. And regardless of whether bots find something or a dedicated amateur user of the archive, everyone else can simply appreciate the ability to find content, which is by the way 3r3191. the original mission of Ars Technica
. (Fortunately, 20 years later, no one has yet informed us about " Very bad things 3r-?256., Such as NT, Linux and BeOS-content under the same roof.") 3r-?257.
3r3208. About #philtech [/b]
#philtech (technology + philanthropy) - these are open publicly described technologies that equalize the standard of living of as many people as possible by creating transparent platforms for interaction and access to data and knowledge. And satisfying the principles of filtech:
1. Open and replicable, not competitive proprietary.
2. Built on the principles of self-organization and horizontal interaction.
3. Sustainable and perspective-oriented, and not pursuing local benefits.
4. Built on[открытых]data, not traditions and beliefs
5. Non-violent and non-manipulative.
6. Inclusive, and not working for one group of people at the expense of others.
Accelerator of social technology startups PhilTech - a program of intensive development of early stages projects aimed at equalizing access to information, resources and opportunities. The second stream: March – June 2018. 3r3-33257.
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